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As Psychology: Evaluation of all Social Influence
Terms in this set (13)
Asch's research: Evaluate Asch's research as a child of its time.
Perrin and Spencer (1980) repeated the study with engineering students in the UK; only one conformed in 396 trials; arguably the engineering students were confident; however more so that 1950s America was especially conformist; made more sense for them to conform as that was the social norm; less conformist today; limitation- asch effect not consistent across situations
Asch's research: Evaluate Asch's research in terms of it being an artificial situation and task
it can be argued that because the participants knew they were in a research study they acted accordingly and performed demand characteristics; task= relatively trivial; no reason not to conform; although naïve participants were members of a group they didn't identify with the group
Asch's research: What did Fiske(2014) say in support of the evaluation of asch's research being artificial?
'Asch's groups weren't 'groupy' enough' this is a limitation because it means that findings cannot be generalized to everyday situations; we interact with other people in a much more direct way
Asch's research: How does Asch's research show gender bias?
Only men were tested; so it cannot really be generalised; other studies show that women may be more conformist because they are possibly more concerned with social relationships than men are- Neto 1995
Asch;'s research: How does his research show cultural bias?
His study was conducted in America which is classed as an individualist culture; similar studies in collectivist cultures such as China show that conformity rates are higher; this could be because these cultures are more oriented to group needs (Bonds and Smith 1996)
Asch's research: how do the gender bias and cultural bias combine to make one evaluation of asch's research in terms of limited application of findings?
they show that firstly conformity may be higher than even Asch found and his findings can only be generalised to American men because he didn't take into account gender and cultural differences
SPE: Explain control as an evaluation of Zimbardo's prison experiment
Tried to keep control over some variables; emotionally stable participants were recruited; randomly assigned to roles; rules out individual personality difference; suggest that behaviours must be due to pressures of situation; increases internal validity
SPE: Explain lack of realism as an evaluation of Zim's experiment?
Banuazizi and Mohavedi (1975) suggested that the participants were merely play-acting rather than genuinely conforming; behavior based on stereotypes of guards and prisoners; one guard said he based his act on a character from a film called Cool Hand Luke;
SPE: What was ZImbardo's rebuttal of Banuazizi and Mohavedi's criticism of the lack of realism in the SPE?
was real to partcipants; showed evidence displaying 90% of talk between prisoners was about prison life; Prisoner 416 said it was a real prison just run by psychologists not the government;
SPE: Why does the research have a high degree of internal validity?
the experiment was very real to the participants
SPE: Explain the role of dispositional influences as an evaluation of the experiment
Fromm (1973) accused Zim of exaggerating the power of the situation to influence behavior; minimizing the role of personality factors; only about a third behaved in brutal mannerisms; another third applied rules fairly and another third tried to help the participants;
Milgrams's Research: Explain low internal validity as an evaluation of the study
Orne and Holland (1968)- participants behaved the way they did because they didn't believe the shocks were real; Milly wasn't actually testing what he thought he was; low internal validity; Gina Peery's (2013) review can be used to support- after listening to tapes found that many participants expressed their doubts
Milgram's research: Explain Sheridan and King's (1972) research can support milly
similar experiment; real shocks given to uppy; 54% of men and 100% of women gave what they believed was a fatal shock; suggest that Milly's findings were genuine as they were replicated when the shocks were real; he reports that 70% believed shocks were real.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AS Psychology: Obedience- Milgram's research
AS Psychology: Milgram's Situational Variables
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