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GCSE History - Medicine, The Renaissance
Terms in this set (19)
When was the printing press invented?
Who were the royal society?
a meeting place for educated people in the sciences to discuss science,
they produced a journal of their work and made progress collectively.
What did the invention of the printing press mean?
books could be produced quicker and cheaper, ideas could be spread quicker and education was more widely available.
What happened in the renaissance that differed from the medieval period?
The power of the church was less significant, Galen's ideas could more freely be questioned.
Who was Andreas Vesalius?
-wrote Fabric of the Human Body / Fabrica
-worked and made progress in anatomy
How did Vesalius prove Galen wrong?
proved the human jaw bone was made of one part, not two.
How did Vesalius make his discoveries?
By stealing the bodies of executed prisoners to dissect, added to his detailed book on the human body, Fabrica.
How was anatomy taught in the Renaissance?
The professor of Education read Galen's work whilst surgeons dissected a body, the students could do nothing but take the Professor's word that his teachings were accurate.
When was Fabrica published?
Who was Ambroise Paré?
-Battle doctor at the siege of Turin
-invented ligatures and reintroduced the crows beak tool
-found a roman concoction that was more efficient than cauterisation.
What was Paré's Roman concoction he used in the Siege of Turin?
Rose oil, turpentine, egg yolk
When was the Siege of Turin?
What was the battle Paré was in when he discovered an alternate method than cauterisation?
The Siege of Turin
How are the Crows beak and Ligatures used?
ligatures are used to tie open arteries to stop the bleeding,
the crows beak would clamp the arteries shut whilst the ligature was applied.
When did William Harvey publish his book on the blood circulation and the heart?
Who did William Harvey serve as a doctor?
King Charles I
Who was William Harvey?
-worked on blood circulation
proved galen wrong as he proved their was no invisible holes in the heart to allow blood to pass.
Through dissection, observation and experiments he discovered the valves in the veins only allowed blood to flow towards to heart and vise-versa with the Arteries
he concluded that new blood was not make but circulated.
What couldnt Harvey Explain?
That blood moved from the arteries to the veins
it wasnt until the microscope until capillaries were discovered.
How long did it take for Harvey's work to be taught in schools.
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