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Music - Harmony and Tonality
Terms in this set (44)
Harmony is when two or more notes of different pitch are sounded at the same time. It is usually though of as the notes that accompany a melody- or the chords.
Tonality means that the music belongs to a key. A typical answer to "What is the tonality?" would be "Major" or "Minor."
Staying within one key.
1) using notes which are not in the original key or 2) Moving frequently from key to key.
The notes blend together pleasantly.
The notes clash harshly with each other.
A persistent note, either sustained on instruments which are capable of holding a note or constantly repeated on instruments where the sound decays rapidly.
Long held note (like pedal note) but associated with Folk and Indian music.
Sounds unfinished and ends on a minor chord.
Sounds finished and sounds like the phrase "Amen" in gospel choirs.
Tierce de Picardie Cadence
In a perfect/plagal cadence of a piece in a minor key, the final chord (chord 1) is made major- by raising the 3rd.
3 notes played together: The Root (letter name), a Major 3rd and Perfect 5th.
3 notes played together: The Root (letter name), a Minor 3rd and Perfect 5th.
Dominant 7th Chord
4 note chord: a Major chord built on the 5th degree of the scale, plus a Minor 7th.
In a key (Major/Minor.)
Major keys tend to sound brighter than Minor keys.
Minor keys tend to sound sadder than Major keys.
A lot of modal music tends to pre-date major or minor, so the most likely modal music is folk music, or styles influenced by folk.
Tonic to Dominant Modulation
Adds a sharp
Tonic to Subdominant Modulation
Adds a flat
Tonic to Relative Major Modulation
Would start Minor
Tonic to Relative Minor Modulation
Would start Major
Changing from one key to another.
The original key.
The 5th degree of the scale.
The 4th degree of the scale.
The Major key with the same number of sharps or flats as the Tonic (which was Minor.)
The Minor key with the same number of sharps or flats as the Tonic (which was Major.)
Tone Tone Semitone Tone Tone Tone Semitone
Harmonic minor scale
Tone Semitone Tone Tone Semitone Tone+Half Semitone
Melodic minor scale ascending
Tone Semitone Tone Tone Tone Tone Semitone
Melodic minor scale descending
Tone Tone Semitone Tone Tone Semitone Tone
A set of sharps or flats placed at the beginning of the music to tell the performers which ones to use throughout the music. Saves putting lots of sharps and flats on the music. Music in Harmonic Minor or Melodic Minor Keys will also have accidentals during the piece to show the difference between them, and Major Keys.
0 sharps or flats
C Major or A minor
G Major or E Minor
D Major or B Minor
A Major or F sharp Minor
E Major or C sharp Minor
F Major or D minor
B flat Major or G Minor
E flat Major or C Minor
A flat Major or F Minor
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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