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Music - Texture and Melody
Terms in this set (41)
This describes how much is going on in the music at any one time. It is about the different ways instruments and/or voices are combined.
The tune! A single line of notes played one after the other.
Melody with chords accompanying. (H)
Melody with accompaniment
Melody with chords accompanying. (M + A)
Several melodies merged together to produce harmony.
A pattern of notes played first on one instrument or in one part, then repeated on another instrument or in another part.
Canonic (Canon or "Round")
Melody repeated in another part, a bar or two later.
Placing one melodic part on top of another, rather like polyphonic/contrapuntal but less strict.
All performers play or sing exactly the same notes.
From one letter-name note to the next the same e.g. from C to C
Single melody line
Melody moving in a scale-like pattern.
Notes not next to each other (i.e. not like a scale)- can sound like the melody is jumping around like a demented kangaroo!
notes next to each other like a scale
Notes moving like a simple chord. (T)
Notes moving like a simple chord. (BC)
Notes moving like a simple chord. (A)
A note inserted between two main notes.
Flattened notes in blues and jazz, usually the 3rd, 5th or 7th degrees of the scale. The Nearest equivalent on piano would be flat, but if sung or on a flexible instrument they are 'not quite.'
Melody staying in one key.
Melody using notes outside the original key.
Melody using a 5-note scale (context often Oriental African or Folk.)
Melody using a whole-tone scale i.e. a scale without semitones.
Melody using a mode (context often Folk). There are many modes. The one you are likely to hear is Aeolian (flattened 7th degree of the scale.)
Stretching the melodic intervals of the original melody.
Shrinking the melodic intervals of the original melody.
A pattern of notes repeated on the same instrument higher or lower (often just a step up or down.)
A phrase is played 'upside down.'
Slide from one note to another up or down a scale.
Adding extra notes to decorate the melody.
Play the note, the note above, the original note.
Play the note, the note above, the original note, the note below, the original note.
Rapidly and repeatedly play the note and the note above.
A very short note played just before the main note (grace note) "DDa"
A note played just before the main note which takes half the value of the main note "DaDa"
Constantly repeated pattern, normally while other things happen on top.)
Similar to Ostinato, but in the context of popular music and jazz.
Performing musically, breathing or pausing in logical places to make the music flow well. Written as curved lines over the notes, usually 2 or 4 bars long.
How to play notes e.g. Accents (<) to emphasise individual notes, staccato (.) above or below the notes- meaning the notes are detached, Tenuto ( _ ) over or under the notes- give extra weight to the note.
Pulling a note slightly higher or lower, often done on synthesizers or electric guitars.
Making it up as you go along.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Joseph Haydn: Clock Symphony
Music - Rhythm and Metre
Music - Harmony and Tonality
Music - Structure and Form
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