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Music - Timbre and Dynamics
Terms in this set (74)
The characteristic sound or 'tone-colour' of an instrument or voice i.e. the difference between say, a violin or a trumpet.
How loud or quiet the music is.
Piccolo, Flute, Oboe, Clarinet, Bassoon, Saxophone.
In an Orchestra: French Horn, Trumpet, Trombone, Tuba. In a Band: Cornet, Tenor Horn, Euphonium.
Snare Drum, Tom Tom, Cymbals, Tambourine, Castanets, Shakers etc.
Glockenspiel (metal), Vibraphone (metal), Xylophone (wooden), Mirimba (wooden), Timpani/Kettledrums.
Bowed: Violin, Viola, Cello, Double Bass. Plucked: Harp, Guitar, Lute, Banjo.
Plucked string mechanism. Often has two manuals (keyboards). Particularly used in Baroque music.
instrument with keys
electrical instrument with keys
Can be 'pipe' as found in churches, often with two or three manuals and a pedal board. Works by air but can also be electric.
An Electronic Instrument. Takes samples of pre-existing sounds and has the ability to manipulate them.
An Electronic Instrument. Creates sound electronically.
Produces drum sounds electronically. Can be played live or programmed.
Device to record several tracks electronically. E.g. Logic Express
Large group from all the families of instruments. Usual context: classical music.
Small version of an orchestra, sometimes with no brass or percussion.
Orchestra with only 1st and 2nd violins, violas, cellos and double basses.
Woodwind, Brass and Percussion.
Brass and Percussion.
Often trumpets, trombones, saxes, guitars and drums- but can also include strings.
Electric guitar, bass guitar, drum kit- usually with vocals and sometimes with keyboards.
Unbroken boy's voice.
High female voice.
Low female voice (sometimes called Contralto when solo.)
High male voice.
Middle male voice.
Low male voice.
Male voice singing artificially high.
Unaccompanied singing (choir).
A group of singers.
A group of singers- more usually called a chorus than a choir in a popular music context.
Djembe (African Instrument)
Goblet shaped drum from West Africa (common African drum.)
Talking drum (Donno
tama) (African Instrument), Hourglass-shaped drum played with the hands. Different pitches are played by stretching the skin of the drum.
Agogo Bell (Double bell
gankogui) (African Instrument), Bell (sounds like a cow bell) also used in Samba. Can be single or multiple.)
Dundun (African Instrument)
Double headed drum played with sticks.
Membraphone (African Instrument)
Instruments that have a skin (e.g. drums.)
Mbira (African Instrument)
Also known as a Thumb Piano. A wooden board to which staggered metal keys have been attached.
Kora (African Instrument)
21 string Harp/Lute from West Africa. It is made from a gourd cut in half.
Balaphon (African Instrument)
Xylophone (pentatonic) from West Africa.
Sitar (Indian Instrument)
The main Indian plucked string instrument.
Sarod (Indian Instrument)
Plucked string instrument: metal fingerboard, no frets.
Sarangi (Indian Instrument)
Bowed string instrument.
Tabla (Indian Instrument)
Pair of drums (The Tabla drum and the Baya drum.)
Harmonium (Indian Instrument)
Small organ, usually with hand pumped bellows.
Dhol (Indian Instrument)
Large double headed barrel drum used in Bhangra.
Tanpura/Tampura (Indian Instrument)
Plucked strings. Lower than the Sitar. Normally used for the drone.
Gamelan (Indonesian Ensemble)
Gongs, Metallophones (known as 'Gender') and drums.
Steel Pans (caribbean Instrument)
Large oil drums tuned to play different notes, played in an ensemble.
'Equalisation'. Changing treble, bass etc.. balance in a sound.
Chorus effect (Electronic)
Individual sounds with roughly the same timbre but slightly different pitch are converged. Has a shimmering, rich quality.
Modifying sound so that it sounds distorted, usually applied to guitars in the heavy metal context.
Electronically processing what has been played to make the note values exact.
A sound is recorded and then played back a bit later, often multiple times, producing an echo like effect.
An effect created by feeding part of a delayed sound back into the original sound: it becomes like a sweeping or 'swooshing' sound.
You can 'pan' the sound to the left speaker, or to the right, or anywhere inbetween.
A gate is a device which mutes a signal whenever its level falls below a threshold set by the user.
The start of a note.
The end of a note. A high piano note has a short decay- the sound dies quickly- however a low piano note has a long decay- it can be heard for much longer.
Various frequencies of sounds are filtered out while others are allowed to remain. See EQ (similar to EQ.)
With the bow (on a string instrument.)
Plucked (string instrument.)
With the mute. (Strings and Brass can be muted.)
Playing two notes at the same time on a string instrument.
Rapidly repeating one note or rapidly alternating two notes.
Gradually getting louder.
Gradually getting quieter.
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