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Agricultural and industrial changes 1949-65
Terms in this set (22)
By the summer of 1952, what percentage of land had been redistributed to 60% of the population?
Between 1950 and 1952 how much did agricultural production increase by?
15% per annum
How many landlords had been executed as a result of land redistribution?
How many teams of peasants did the MATs contain?
Up to 10
How many households did the APCs contain?
Why were APCs disappointing?
Grain production only raised by 2% from 1953-1954.
What did Mao demand in 1955?
Full collectivisation and an end to all private property. Higher-Level APCs created as a result and membership of APCs became compulsory. Peasants wee only compensated for their labour.
When were communes first introduced?
By the end of 1958 what percentage of the population did the CCP claim to have been moved into communes?
How many people are estimated to have die during the Great Famine?
Give examples of bad weather that exacerbated the Great Famine?
Droughts reducing flow of Yellow River by 2/3rds. Typhoon flash flooding in South China.
By what year did agricultural production recover by after the Great Famine?
What did the Western powers put on China after the Korean War as a result of them siding with North Korea?
A grain embargo!
What did the USSR and China sign in 1950? How much did the USSR loan China?
The Sino-Soviet Mutual Assistance Treaty. They loaned 300 million to China over 5 years!
What annual growth per anum did the Chinese economy experience during the First Five Year Plan?
How much did the population of towns and cities increase by during the First Five Year Plan?
Reasons for Mao launching the Great Leap Forward in 1958?
Krushchev's claim to beat US by 1980(industry)
Success of 1st Plan in industry
Communists were winning Cold War(space race)
Ideology 'Walking on Two Legs'
No opponents to disagree with Mao(ARC)
Successes of the Great Leap Forward?
Tiananmen Square remodelled.
Ideologically, China was closer to Communism.
Small scale irrigation projects of value. Increase in production of some raw materials such as steel and oil.
MASSIVE FAILS of the Great Leap Forward?
Famine due to backyards furnaces that produced useless steel.
Huge projects like Three-Gate-Gorge damn over the Yellow river had a massive impact on the environment, made farming more difficult.
Factories closed for lack of raw material.
Industrial output declined by 40%(1962) as opposed to 1958-59 levels.
Who replaced Peng Duhai?
Due to Liuist reforms, in 1965 how was industrial production?
It was double of that in 1957!
In the mid 60s(Liuism) how much did private production account for peasants income?
It account for a third of their incomes.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Mao's China 1949-1976
MAO'S CHINA- DATES- 1949-1975
Establishing Communist Rule 1949-57
The Cultural Revolution 1966-1976
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