1: Catholic Christianity Beliefs and Teachings
Keywords and definitions
Three persons in one God (Father, Son and Holy Spirit)
A formal expression of what the Church believes (written to correct mistakes in thinking) in the third century.
The Catholic sacrament where the bread and wine become the blood and body of Jesus Christ.
When truth or knowledge previously hidden is revealed (by God)
A belief or important teaching held by the Church
From the Latin 'credo' meaning 'I believe'
When someone is loving and good.
All or everything
A literal interpretation of how creation occurred. This is different to a more metaphorical/symbolic interpretation.
Taking care of the earth that God has entrusted to us.
Ruling over the earth that God entrusted to us
Being made in the image of God - reflecting his characteristics uniquely in ways that other aspects of the creation do not.
The power of self-determination
God becoming human (or flesh/meat - link with the word 'carne')
Saying something offensive about God or the sacred
The whole work of Jesus - Passion, Death, Resurrection and Ascension
Passover - when a lamb's blood provided an escape from the angel of death during the Jewish exodus
To buy back - exchange something as a payment - usually referring to Jesus dying - the innocent for the guilty
Legal term: to be declared right in a court - refers to when Jesus gives us his perfection, thus achieving a relationship with God
Efficacy means being effective at doing something. Jesus is able to be effective as our payment on the Cross.
The bodily raising to life of someone who was previously dead.
To go up - usually referring to Jesus returning to Heaven as the King who has 'all authority'
Undeserved kindness or merit - the idea that God would love us when we don't deserve it. God's Riches At Christ's Expense.
The ceremony that welcomes a person into the family of God
Receiving the Gifts of the Holy Spirit to encourage a faithful life; strengthening the faith.
Receiving the body and blood of Christ
The restoring of a broken relationship - primarily between humans and God - through the forgiveness of sins
Anointing of the sick
Healing and forgiveness of sins in preparation for the final journey
The joining of two people as one in marriage
The giving of a distinct mission within the Church
the last things - death, judgement, purgatory, heaven and hell
What happens to a person after death - where they go.
General or last judgement
What happens when all people are resurrected on the final day.
Different groups or churches within Christianity
Eternal life with God - a place of indescribable joy. Like a return to Eden.
Separation from God for eternity - described by Jesus as the outer darkness and a place of weeping and gnashing of teeth.
A stage of purification which enables people to reach holiness and get into Heaven. A bit like West Worthing station.
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Catholic Christianity Beliefs and Teachings