Upgrade to remove ads
Aeneid - Key points of every book
Terms in this set (14)
Juno sends a fearful storm which wrecks the Trojan ships on the coast of Libya, near Carthage. There the Trojans are hospitably received by Dido queen of Carthage. Venus, mother of Aeneas, anxious for the safety of her son, contrives that Dido should fall in love with him.
The book takes the form of a flashback, as Aeneas tells the banqueters the story of the fall of Troy. The Greeks had erected a huge wooden horse and persuaded the Trojans to drag it into the city. In the dead of night Greek soldiers pour from the horse and open the gates to their comrades. The Trojans put up a fierce but hopeless resistance, and Aeneas escapes from the city with his father and his son.
Dido now loves Aeneas and Juno arranges a king of marriage in order to keep him with Dido and prevent him from founding the city which was fated to destroy her beloved Carthage. Jupiter reminds Aeneas of his destiny and order him to leave Dido. She senses he is going to abandon her and builds a great pyre, ostensibly to cure herself of love by burning the relics of of Aeneas' stay. She curses Aeneas, calls upon her Carthaginians to wage eternal war against his people and dies in the flames.
On their way to Italy the Trojans are caught in another storm and run before the winds back to Sicily where Anchises had died precisely one year before. Aeneas celebrates rites in his honour and holds funeral games. Weary with their wanderings, the Trojan women fire the ships, and Aeneas decides to leave the women, children and old men in Sicily in a city ruled by Acestes, the Trojan who had been their host in Sicily. Aeneas' steersman Palinurus is lost overboard on the voyage to Italy.
Aeneas arrives in Italy at last, landing at Cumae just north of the Bay of Naples. There he consults the Sibyl, begging her to allow him to go down to the Underworld to see his father Anchises. She agrees to escort him on condition that he finds a golden branch in a dark tree and buries the body of Misenus, a comrade who has been drowned. These tasks he achieves and in the underworld they meet, in reverse order of their deaths, Palinurus, Dido and heroes who had died at Troy. They proceed to the place of eternal torture of the damned and to the Fields of the Blessed where they find Anchises, who explains the creation of the universe and the origin of life, and takes them to see a parade of great Romans of the future marching up family by family towards the light of life.
Aeneas and his fleet sail into the mouth of the River Tiber and build a camp on its banks. Latinus, the king of Latium, welcomes them and offers Aeneas his daughter, Lavinia, in marriage. Seeing this, Juno sends down her agent Allecto to stir up resentment against Aeneas. She persuades Queen Amata to oppose Aeneas' marriage and whips up Turnus, a neighbouring Latin prince, to go to war against the Trojans. She then engineers a skirmish between the local people of Latium and a Trojan hunting party led by Ascanius. War has begun.
With the blessing of the god of the River Tiber, Aeneas goes to the village of Pallanteum, on what is later known as the Palatine, one of the seven hills of Rome. Here King Evander describes how Hercules had saved them from the ravages of the monster Cacus and tells the story of Mezentius, a brutal Etruscan despot who has been dethroned by his subjects and is being harboured by Turnus. Evander tells Aeneas of a prophecy which forbids the Etruscans to be led by an Italian, and advises him to go with a detachment of cavalry led by his son Pallas, to claim leadership of all the armies opposed to the Latins. Venus, concerned for her son's safety against these formidable enemies, persuades Vulcan to make new armour for Aeneas, including a prophetic shield depicting the future wars of Rome.
Aeneas returns at the head of the Etruscan armies. Turnus kills Pallas and tears the belt off his dead body. As Aeneas slaughters the Latins in an orgy of revenge, Juno saves Turnus from his fury by spiriting him from the battlefield. Mezentius takes his place, and in battle with Aeneas his life is saved by the intervention of his young son Lausus. Aeneas kills Lausus, and the wounded Mezentius challenges him and dies in single combat.
Pallas is mourned and his funeral rites conducted. The Latins send an embassy to Aeneas to beg a truce in order to gather up their dead. He consents and makes it clear that the war was not of his choosing. Turnus could have met him in single combat and only one man would have died. The Latins engage in fierce debate, Drances abusing Turnus and pleading for an end to the war, Turnus returning the abuse and offering to meet Aeneas in single combat. Despite that, when news comes that Aeneas is approaching the city, Turnus immediately rouses his forces for battle. The maiden Camilla volunteers to confront the enemy cavalry while Turnus waits in ambush for Aeneas in a pass in the hills. Camilla is killed, and Turnus gives up his ambush. A moment later Aeneas enters the pass, and both armies move towards the city of Latinus within sight and sound of each other.
Turnus now demands to meet Aeneas in battle, and Aeneas and Latinus strike a treaty agreeing that the victor will receive Lavinia in marriage, and that if Aeneas is defeated, the Trojans will withdraw peacefully and settle with Evander in Palanteum. But Juno suborns Turnus' divine sister Juturna to engineer a violation of the treaty. In the mêlée which follows Aeneas is wounded by an arrow shot by an unknown assailant. He is healed by the intervention of Venus and returns to battle. Once again Turnus is rescued from the wrath of Aeneas - this time by Juturna - but whn Aeneas attacks the city of Latinus, Turnus realises his responsibilities and returns to the field. Jupiter and Juno are reconciled, and Juno gives up her opposition to the destiny of Rome. Aeneas wounds Turnus and kills him as he begs for mercy, since he notices the belt of Pallas on Turnus' chest, thus sparking a violent reaction provoked by a strong desire for revenge.
Book 1: Aeolus sends storm, Venus clothes Aeneas and Achates in cloud, Cupid disguised as Ascanius placates Dido Book 2: 2 sea serpents emerging from sea, killing Laocoon and sons and settling under feet of statue of Pallas, visit from spirit of Hector, Venus stopping Aeneas from killing Helen of Troy, Anchises seeing peal of thunder and falling star, visit to Aeneas from spirit of Creusa Book 4: Mercury visits Aeneas sent by Jupiter on 2 occasions, Iris cutting strand of hair from Dido's head to spirit her away down to Underworld Book 5: Storm that sends Trojans back to Sicily (?), Juno sending Iris disguised as Beroë to stir up Trojan women to burn ships, Jupiter sending rain to put out fires, visit of Anchises to Aeneas in a dream instructing him to see him in the Underworld Book 6: Sibyl asking Aeneas to find Golden Bough and having two doves guide him Book 7: Swarm of bees landing on top of Laurel tree, prophet interpretation of 'stranger arriving, and an army', Lavinia's hair catching fire, Trojans 'eating their tables' as sign of having arrived in new homeland, Juno sending Allecto to Queen Amata to corrupt her spirit and persuade Turnus to resist Trojans (use threat of Lavinia being stolen from him by Aeneas), Allecto sounding the herdsman's signal on the curved horn to rouse local Rutulians to fight Ascanius and his hunting party Book 8: Aeneas seeing white sow with white offspring, sign that Ascanius will found city of Alba Longa, Venus asking Vulcan to make a set of armour for Aeneas Book 10: Sea nymphs speeding on Trojan and Arcadian ships that were provided by Tarchon of Tuscany, Juno creating phantom of Aeneas for Turnus to chase which prevents him from further danger Book 11: Death of Camilla at hands of Arruns compels Diana to dispatch her personal attendant Opis to kill Arruns Book 12: Juno has Juturna disguised as the military general Camers and persuades the Latins to break the treaty and attack the Trojans while they're off guard, Venus sending down a healing balm to help Aeneas' leg, wounded by an arrow, Jupiter sending one of the furies down as a bird to frighten, and thus weaken Turnus
Glorification of Rome and Augustus
Book 1: Comparison of Neptune calming down sea to Augustus calming down crowd with his effective rhetoric Book 6: Pageant of Heroes (future glory of Rome, Julius Caesar, peace Empire will bring under Augustus)
Book 1: Aeneas keeps men safe on shores of Carthage, hunts deer for each of remaining ships, men speak of his piety to Dido Book 2: Aeneas shows piety for wanting to fiercely protect Troy from attacking Greeks but in doing so forgets about his duty to protect his family, shows great furor when attacking Helen of Troy, both a woman and completely defenceless (disapproval from Roman readers), but redeems himself by trying to persuade father Anchises to leave Troy and shown to be upset by losing Creusa Book 5: Entire concept of Aeneas holding funeral games to honour deceased father shows pietas, also demonstrates it when organising the games i.e. sets up branch on an island to mark turning point for boat-race, awarding all competitors with lavish prizes whether they win or lose, choosing to obey father's instructions to visit him in Underworld Book 6: Aeneas burying Misenus, heeding father's instructions to found future Rome Book 8: Aeneas sacrificing sow to gods as recognition of new home in Italy Book 10: Aeneas begged for mercy by Latin soldiers but kills them in cold blood Book 11: Aeneas shows pietas in gladly agreeing to hold 12 day truce to allow both Trojans and Latins to bury their dead Book 12: Aeneas kills Turnus even though he has technically surrendered, motivated by revenge and therefore furor
Aeneas and Anchises: mutual respect shown in this relationship - traditional inasmuch as Aeneas respects and obeys word of father, concern for his safety in Book 2 and concern for showing him reverence in Book 5 (funeral games) Aeneas and Ascanius: Aeneas shows great concern for his son Ascanius; occasional moments of neglect (?) e.g. in Book 2 Aeneas doesn't prioritise his safety
Pallas and Evander: Pallas in his youth is strong and confident in his abilities, explaining why his father Evander holds him in such a positive light. He makes clear that he would be distraught without his son. Father cares more for son than vice versa? Lausus and Mezentius: a sociopathic father figure but otherwise tender relationship, particularly when Lausus is prepared to endanger himself to protect his own father, and Mezentius loses his bloodlust and arguably also his villainy, becoming somewhat humbled and fundamentally coming to love his son and not violence
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Talking about books, films, music
Le livre et la littérature
The Marrow Thieves
G11- U2 - les loisirs: la lecture
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Minna no Nihongo - Lesson 6
みんなの日本語 ー Lesson 1
Japanese - Hiragana
Candide - Un résumé du guide Charpentier
OTHER QUIZLET SETS
Odmienności stosowania leków u osób starszych
Genetics Final Review
Exam 4 lab
EPSS Midterm 2