Terms in this set (14)
The ability to keep making or using a product without excessive damage to the environment. E.g. Sustainable Forests-for every tree cut down a new tree is planted.
Sustainable (Renewable ) Materials
Materials that can be replaced. E.g. Timber from a sustainable forest; cotton; plastics made from plant products.
Non-sustainable (Finite) materials
Are materials which cannot be replaced e.g. fossil fuels - coal, gas and crude oil, metals from ores.
A product that is designed to be used a limited number of times before being thrown away.
A large hole in the ground that is filled with rubbish that is not being recycled. Sometimes old quarries are used for this.
Product Life Cycle
Analysis of the product from its original source to its end (cradle to grave). Extraction of raw materials, process and manufacturing, packaging and transport, use and end of life.
Taking apart a product semi-automatically by using smart materials for the fastenings. The fastenings release each part of the product at a pre-set temperature. E.g. mobile phone coming apart when heat is applied to smart materials components
End of Life Vehicle Directive (ELVD)
Restricts the use of toxic materials in new vehicles. All plastic parts have to be labelled to aid recycling. Vehicle manufacturers have to publish information about how to dismantle vehicles.
Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Directive (WEEE)
Encourages consumers to take their old devices to WEEE collection points. Manufacturers have to arrange collection from these points. Designers have to make products easy to dismantle, reuse and recycle.
Energy Labelling Directive
All electrical items such as washing machines and refrigerators have a label on them describing their energy efficiency rating.
Lack of appeal to consumers because something goes out of date and better products become available.
Designing for Maintenance
Designing a product so that it can be cleaned, adjusted, or have parts replaced to allow the product to continue to function correctly.
Designing products with a limited lifespan (designed to be thrown away or replaced by a new model), e.g. disposable cameras, disposable razors,mobile phones.