The Classical Period Pg: 150 - 201
Terms in this set (37)
First section of a sonata-form movement, which sets up a strong conflict between the tonic key and the new key; and between the first theme (or group of themes) and the second theme (or group of themes).
In the exposition of the sonata-form, a section which leads from the first theme in the tonic, or home, key to the second theme, which is in a new key.
Second section of a sonata-form movement, in which themes from the exposition are developed and the music moves through several different keys.
Fragment of a theme, or short musical idea that is developed within a composition.
Third section of a sonata-form movement, in which the first theme, bridge, second theme, and concluding section are presented more or less as they were in the exposition, with one crucial difference: all the principal material is now in the tonic key.
In a sonata-form movement, a concluding section following the recapitulation and rounding off the movement by repeating themes or developing them further.
Melodic idea that accompanies a main theme.
From the beginning, an indication usually meaning that the opening section of a piece is to be repeated after the middle section.
Unaccompanied section of virtuoso display for the soloist in a concerto, usually appearing near the end of the first movement and sometimes in the last movement.
Orchestral composition, usually in four movements, typically lasting between 20 and 45 minutes, exploiting the expanded range of tone color and dynamics of the orchestra.
Composition for two violins, a viola, and a cello; usually consisting of four movements. (Also, the four instrumentalists.)
In music after the baroque period, an instrumental composition usually in several movements from one or two players.
Drama that is sung to orchestral accompaniment, usually a large-scale composition employing vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra, costumes, and scenery.
Extended composition for instrumental soloist and orchestra, usually in three movements: (1) fast, (2) slow, (3) fast.
Instrumental composition, light in mood, usually meant for evening entertainment.
Music using a small group of musicians, with one player to a part.
Large scale choral work with a religious theme, involves recitatives, solos, duets and full choral movements and accompanied by orchestra, but unlike opera it is not performed with costumes, sets or acting.
1756-91 Austrian composer of Symphonies, Sonatas, Opera, Piano works and Chamber Music.
Wrote first piece aged 4!
1732-1809 Austrian composer of Symphonies (104 of them), Sonatas, Piano works and Chamber Music. 'Father of the Symphony'.
1770-1827 German composer. Wrote 9 symphonies, piano sonatas and chamber music. Bridged the Classical and Romantic styles. Became deaf.
A 3-part structure encompassing an Exposition, a Development section and a Recapitulation.
In the Classical period there is a strong relationship between the Tonic and Dominant keys.
This texture dominates the Classical period with its liking of 'cantabile' melody with a chordal accompaniment.
Literally 'in a singing style'. The name given to a lyrical melody (or a singable tune).
The term for a melody that moves up or down through the notes of a triad (Root, 3rd 5th)
An ornament, like a musical 'sigh. It is a grace note which delays the next note of the melody, taking half or more of its written time value. Written as a small note slurred to a regular note.
A grace note performed as quickly as possible before an essential note of a melody. Written as a small note with a line through.
A structure (often the last movement of a sonata or symphony) which involved a repeating musical section: A - B - A - C - A etc.
When a composer is employed and paid by somebody to write a piece of music.
Diminished 7th chord
A 4-note chord with each note a minor 3rd (3 semitones) apart. An example: C..Eb..Gb..A
Neapolitan 6th Chord
Flattened chord ii in a minor key. (In a major key you would have to flatten both Root and 5th).
Minuet and Trio
Often the 3rd movement of a 4-movement Sonata/Symphony. It is in 3/4 time and written in Ternary form with a repeated 1st 'A' section i.e.
A (repeated) - B - A, where B is the Trio.
Accepted dates of the Classical period. Note that early Romantic music was already being written by 1800.
Chamber work for Piano, Violin & Cello.
Chamber work for Violin, Viola & Cello
Italian word found in musical scores for Trumpets (not Trombones).
Italian word found in musical scores for Horns.