23 terms

Measuring Development

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GNI per head
Gross National Income - is a measure of a country's wealth.
Human Development Index (HDI)
A composite measure that considers life expectancy, GNI and an education index to give a value between 0 and 1, 1 being the most deprived
Birth Rates
How many babies are born per 1000 people in a population per year
Death Rates
How many people die per 1000 people in a population per year
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
How many babies die per 1,000 live births per year
People per doctor
How many people there are for every doctor in a country or place.
Literacy Rate
What percentage of the country is able to read and write as adults
Access to safe water
What percentage of people have access to sanitary and safe water that is free from bacteria and parasites
Life expectancy
The average age a person can expect to live to at birth
GDP
the total market value of all final goods and services produced annually in an economy
GNP
the sum of all goods and services produced in a nation in a year
GDP per capita
Gross domestic product divided by the number of people in the population.
Economic indicators
Statistics that provide information about the performance of the economy and its position in the business cycle.
Social indicators
measurments of quality of life, such as health, education, housing and employment
Gini Coefficient
A measure of internal disparities within one country
Migration
movement of people from one place to another
Voluntary Migration
Where a person chooses to move of their own free will
Forced Migration
Where a person is forced to leave their country for a variety of different reasons
Emmigration
When someone leaves a country to live abroad
Immigration
When someone enters a country from abroad
Ageing population
Increase in population of the elderly
Working population
Middle aged group that are working
Dependant population
People who don't work, children/disabled/sick/elderly