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Development of the Plains
Terms in this set (9)
Explain one way in which the American Civil War was important in the settlement of the West
Many southern states opposed ideas that the west should be primarily family farms. When these states temporarily left the USA in 1861, there was no longer enough opposition to block the Homestead Act.
Identify an impact of the railroads on the development of the Plains
The railroads brought in settlers and linked up settler farms with industrial centres. Trains also brought in agricultural machinery, enabling farming to adapt to the challenges of the Plains
Explain how the Timber Culture Act (1873) aimed to reduce the problems of farming the Plains
It was believed that planting more trees would encourage more rain
What does the importance of the Pinkertons suggest about lawlessness in the West?
It suggested that people couldn't rely on police forces, sheriffs and marshals.
What is one positive impact that the railroads had for law and order in the West
It reduced the problems of communication, as electric telegraphs were built along railroad routes. Also, railroads were a safer option for transporting suspects from local jails to secure jails in bigger towns. Moving criminals to other towns for trial also meant the jury would be less biased.
Why were cattle barons important in the growth of the cattle industry?
It led to an increase in investors, as many preferred large scale ranching due to the fact that they were easier to invest in and often more profitable
Why did the role of cowboys change between 1862 and 1876?
Many open-range ranches came under pressure to fence in animals. This meant that cowboys' roles changed to ensuring the cattle had enough to eat rather than rounding them up
Why did life on a reservation lead to negative consequences for traditional Plains Indian way of life?
Annuities of food meant that Plains Indians became more reliant on the government.
Why were problems with the reservation system important in causing the Indian Wars?
The reservation agents cheated the Plains Indians, holding back annuity payments and then charging very high prices for low quality food.
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