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Hitler's Rise to Power (GCSE History)
Terms in this set (19)
Born in Austria.
Moves to Vienna and fails to get a place in art school.
Joins the German army and fights in the First World War.
Sent by the army to spy on the German Workers' Party. Agrees with their ideas and joins the party.
Helps to establish core beliefs and political views of the party and renames it National Socialist German Workers' Party (or Nazi Party). He creates its swastika emblem.
Becomes leader of the Nazi Party and his popularity grows.
He is a charismatic speaker and inspires others.
He sets up the SA - the Nazi Party's Private Army.
Nazi Party grows to 20,000 members.
Sets up the Hitler Youth, which provides activities for young people and spreads Nazi ideas.
The Munich Putsch:
Nazi Party now has 55,000 members. Nazis believe the democratic government is weak and so decide to take over the government. The putsch fails and Hitler is sent to prison but he gains
and servers only nine months because right-wing judges sympathise with his views.
Writes Mein Kampf ('My Struggle') while in prison, outlining his main ideas about how Germany should be ruled. He forces a change of tactics for the Nazi Party.
Nazi candidates enter Reichstag elections for the first time. They win 24 seats.
Sets up the SS, a fanatical, loyal, personal bodyguard.
Mein Kampf published. It becomes a bestseller.
Nazis win just 12 seats in the Reichstag Elections.
The Wall Street Crash!
A worldwide economic depression and high unemployment in Germany.
Nazis win 207 seats and become the largest party, but Hitler is not invited to become Chancellor.
Nazis win 196 seats. Nazis are still the largest party but Hitler still not invited to become Chancellor.
None of the other possible Chancellors has support in the Reichstag so reluctantly President Hindenburg makes Hitler Chancellor.
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