Poetry Genres & Movements and associated Poets (16th - 18th Century)

Learn about different poetry genres and movements, and some of the more famous poets associated with them.
16th century (Scotland) - Alexander Montgomerie. A grouping of Scottish Jacobean poets, which is said to have flourished in the court of James VI - consciously modelled on the French example of the Pléiade.
The Castalian Band
16th century (England) - An alleged society or club dedicated to the reformation of English poetry. The club may have involved figures such as Edmund Spenser, Gabriel Harvey, Edward Dyer and Sir Phillip Sydney.
The Areopagus
17th century (England) - John Donne, George Herbert. A loose group of English poets whose works are marked by philosophical exploration, colloquial diction, ingenious conceits, irony, metrically flexible lines; and by a greater emphasis on the spoken rather than lyrical quality of their verse.
The Metaphysical Poets
17th century (England) - Robert Herrick, Richard Lovelace, Thomas Carew and Sir John Suckling. A school of English poets that came from the classes that supported King Charles I during the English Civil War (1642-1651).
The Cavalier Poets
17th century (Japan) - A school of haiku poetry founded by the poet Nishiyama Soin. It aimed to move away from the serious 'bookishness' and formality of popular Japanese poetry at the time and to become more in touch with the common people, therefore infusing a greater spirit of freedom into their poetry.
The Danrin School
18th century (England) - Alexander Pope. A branch of literature that refers to the poetry the first half of the century. George I saw himself as an Augustus, and therefore, the British poets picked up that term as a way of referring to their own endeavours.
Augustan Poetry