Ladybridge Film Studies: Film Technology Timeline

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

1895
First moving images/Lumière brothers.
1895-1927
Silent cinema/early short films to full-length feature films/First use of cinematography, the principles of lighting and continuity editing and an extensive range of mise-en-scène, including location shooting.
1920s
Vertically integrated Hollywood film industry. Five major studios (Paramount, Warner Bros, Loew's/MGM, Fox [Twentieth Century Fox in 1935] and Radio Keith Orpheum [RKO]) and three minor studios (Columbia, Universal and United Artists) - the so-called Big 5 and Little 3.
1927
Alan Crosland's, The Jazz Singer, starring Al Jolson - the first feature film with a soundtrack.
1935
Rouben Mamoulian's Becky Sharp, the Technicolor Corporation's first feature length, 'three strip' colour film.
1948
Paramount court case which prevented studios from owning all phases of the production, distribution and exhibition process ('vertical integration') which led, in the 1950s, to the emergence of independent film production and agents producing films for the Hollywood studios to distribute and exhibit.
1950s
Emergence of widescreen and 3D technologies as a response to the growth of television and the corresponding decline in cinema attendance
Late 1950s
Although not the first examples, lightweight, portable cameras were produced suitable for hand-held use (which had an immediate impact on documentary filmmaking and were used by a new generation of directors in France - French 'new wave' directors).
1970s
Steadicam technology developed by cinematographer Garrett Brown (a stabilising device for hand-held cameras to keep image 'steady' whilst retaining fluid movement). First introduced, 1975
1990s onwards
More widespread use of computer-generated imagery, most significantly pioneered by Industrial Light and Magic in the 1970s, resulted in a move away from filmed 'special effects' to visual effects created digitally in post-production to the computer generated imaging of characters in films.