Terms in this set (44)
When was Detroit founded?
In 1701 by French colonialists by Detroit
Who has occupied Detroit?
French, British (late 17th century), Colonies of the USA
In the 19th century what industries brought wealth to the city
Shipping and Shipbuilding
What did the guilded age mansions show
Demonstrated the economic rewards in the emerging transport hub of the North East
When did Detroit's expansion take off
Ford and GM used innovative production processes
Assembly line that was reproduced
What was the Steel Belt?
Established waterways and canals helped to connect the states
movement of over 300,000 African American from the rural south into Northern cities between 1914 and 1920
Why did the Great Migration occur?
New jobs created in the automotive industry- lack of economic opportunities in the South
In the post war period the total population of Detroit's wider metropolitan area grew
And become increasingly dependent upon the car and urban areas sprawled out
From the 70s onwards the economic tide was turning
International oil crises prompted drivers to buy vehicles with greater fuel economy
Where were the competitors from
Honda Datsun and Toyota produced more desirable models
What happened as a result of the competition
Ford and GM cut jobs and shut down less efficient plants
What was the result of rising unemployment
Fall in taxes, less to invest in public authorities
Despite the change in the economic climate, Detroit still supported the auto industry
The mayor sanctioned compulsory purchase of land to enable new hi- tech car plants to be built in the city
The General Motors Hamtramck Assemble Point
1985- Cadillac Eldorado
Disadvantages of the GMHAP
The city struggled to reinvent itself
1997 Ford Renaissance centre
Completed in 1977
Exercise in place making- urban rebranding
Disadvantages of the FRC
Physically disconnected- designed to prevent crime
FRC is now the head office for
By 2009 Toyota had not only the leading global produces in the auto industry
Global producers in the auto industry overtaking GM
800 fires across the city 'vision of hell'
1991 Crime rate peaks
2700 violent crimes per 100'000 people
2009 General Motors files for bankruptcy
Results in a government backed reorganisation
Race riots showed racial harmony wasn't alway possible
1970's authorities accused of supporting racial segregation
Of schools and housing and reinforcing ghettos
African Americans lived in
The city more densely populated
White population lived in
The suburbs spread out
8 Mile Road in Detroit
Divides white and black populations
In the 20th century Detroits harsh times prompted...
White middle class families to move to the suburbs
What made the white migration possible?
Higher incomes meant they could afford to move out and commute to the centre
Eventually after white flight many jobs followed, this created a new
Socio-economic spatial pattern
In recent decades a similar movement of AA has followed White flight
They crave better schools, less crime, better quality of life
Is racial mixing constant?
The neighbourhood moved into are old that have fallen out of favour with the white population
Grosse Pointe Park
Residents seek to maintain the divide
Wooden fences, concrete walls, heaped Christmas trees, overgrown shrubs,
Grosse Pointe Park undertook a range of measurements to restrict movement of traffic along kercheval avenue
What percentage of Detroit is African American?
What percentage of Grosse Pointe Park is white?
Detroits median household income
Grosse Pointe Parks median income
What barriers at Grosse Pointe Park became a national story
Wooden sheds and concrete breeze blocks
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