Poetry Genres & Movements and associated Poets (19th Century)

England - William Wordsworth. An ancient genre of poetry that romanticises rural subjects to the point of unreality. It generally deals with the loves and lives of shepherds and shepherdesses, and other such country folk.
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England - Lord Byron, John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, William Blake. This genre emphasised strong emotion, imagination and the rejection of established social conventions. It stressed the importance of "nature" in language and celebrated the achievements of those perceived as heroic individuals and artists.
France & Belgium (Late 19th century) - Paul Verlaine, Tristan Corbiere, Arthur Rimbaud. Symbolism arose in the revolt of certain French poets against the rigid conventions governing traditional French poetry. They wished to liberate poetry from its formalised oratory in order to describe instead the fleeting, immediate sensations of man's inner life and experience.
Europe and N America (Late-19th and early 20th centuries) - T. S. Elliot, William Butler Yates, W. H. Auden, Ezra Pound, Wallace Stevens, Sylvia Plath. This genre grew out of the philosophical, scientific, political, and ideological shifts that followed the Industrial Revolution, up to World War I and its aftermath. For artists and writers, it was a re-evaluation of the assumptions and aesthetic values of their predecessors.