Poetry Genres & Movements and associated Poets (19th Century)

Learn about different poetry genres and movements in the 19th century, and some of the more famous poets associated with them.
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England - William Wordsworth. An ancient genre of poetry that romanticises rural subjects to the point of unreality. It generally deals with the loves and lives of shepherds and shepherdesses, and other such country folk.
Pastoralism
England - Lord Byron, John Keats, Percy Bysshe Shelley, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, William Wordsworth, William Blake. This genre emphasised strong emotion, imagination and the rejection of established social conventions. It stressed the importance of "nature" in language and celebrated the achievements of those perceived as heroic individuals and artists.
The Romantic Poets
N America - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, James Russell Lowell, Oliver Wendell Holmes. A group of poets whose domestic themes and messages of morality presented in conventional poetic forms deeply shaped their era until their decline in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century.
The Fireside Poets
France - Charles Leconte de Lisle. As a reaction to the less-disciplined types of romantic poetry, these poets strove for exact and faultless workmanship, selecting exotic and classical subjects that they treated with rigidity of form and emotional detachment.
The Parnassians
France & Belgium (Late 19th century) - Paul Verlaine, Tristan Corbiere, Arthur Rimbaud. Symbolism arose in the revolt of certain French poets against the rigid conventions governing traditional French poetry. They wished to liberate poetry from its formalised oratory in order to describe instead the fleeting, immediate sensations of man's inner life and experience.
Symbolism
Europe and N America (Late-19th and early 20th centuries) - T. S. Elliot, William Butler Yates, W. H. Auden, Ezra Pound, Wallace Stevens, Sylvia Plath. This genre grew out of the philosophical, scientific, political, and ideological shifts that followed the Industrial Revolution, up to World War I and its aftermath. For artists and writers, it was a re-evaluation of the assumptions and aesthetic values of their predecessors.
Modernist Poetry