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Terms in this set (21)
What is RIPA 2000?
Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act
What does CHIS stand for?
Covert Human Intelligence Source
What is a CHIS?
A person who covertly maintains a relationship in order to obtain or gain access to information
Who can authorise a CHIS?
Superintendent (or inspector if urgent)
How is authorisation for a CHIS given?
Written or verbal
(inspector must be written)
How long is a CHIS authorisation valid for?
12 months or 72 hours if urgent
Who can authorise a juvenile/vulnerable CHIS?
Assistant Chief Constable
How long is authorisation for juvenile/vulnerable CHIS valid?
Chief Constable can give authorisation for...
- If confidential information is likely to be obtained by juvenile CHIS or directed surveillance
- Intrusive surveillance
- Undercover officers + 12 months
- Long-term CHIS +12 months
When can a CHIS be authorised?
When PROPORTIONATE and NECESSARY
- Crime and disorder
- Health and tax
- Interest of national safety
- Secretary of state
When can an Inspector not grant authorisation for a CHIS?
If confidential information will be obtained
What is intrusive surveillance?
Individual's presence at premises or in car
OR using surveillance devices
Is a GPS tracker intrusive or directed surveillance?
Who can authorise Intrusive Surveillance
Chief Constable + approval of Surveillance Commissioner
(ACC if urgent)
How long is authorisation for intrusive surveillance valid for?
3 months - 72 hours if urgent
When can intrusive surveillance be authorised?
Interest of national security
Prevention/detection of serious crime
Safeguard UK economy
What is Directed Surveillance?
Part of specific operation/investigation
Obtaining private information about a person
Not carried out in immediate response to events where authorisation would normally be required
Who can authorise Directed Surveillance?
Superintendent (inspector if urgent)
How can Directed Surveillance be authorised?
In writing or verbally (written if Inspector)
How long is Directed Surveillance authorisation valid for?
3 months (72 hours if urgent)
What may happen if RIPA 2000 is breached?
Evidence excluded at court
Proceedings under police conduct regulations
Claim before investigatory powers tribunal