56 terms

Chemistry - Organic Chem

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What is the suffix for an alkane
ane
What is the suffix for an alkene
ene
What is the prefix for a halogenalkane
fluoro/chloro/bromo/iodo
What is the prefix for an alcohol
hydoxyl
What is the suffix of an alcohol
ol
What is the suffix of an aldehyde
al
What is the prefix of a ketone
oxo
What is the suffix of a ketone
one
What is the suffix of a carboxylic acid
oic acid
What is the prefix of an amine
amino
What is the suffix of an amine
amine
What is the suffix of a nitrile
nitrile
What is the suffix of an acyl chloride
oyl chloride
What is the suffix of an acid anhydride
oic anhydride
What is the suffix of an ester
oate
What is the suffix of an amide
amide
alkene functional group
halogenalkane functional group
-F, -Cl, -Br, -I
Alcohol functional group
aldehyde functional group
ketone functional group
carboxylic acid functional group
amine functional group
Nitrile functional group
Acyl chloride functional group
acid anhydride functional group
ester functional group
Amide functional group
what is a structural isomer
molecules with the same molecular formula but a different structure
what is a stereoisomer
molecules with the same structural formula but a different spatial arrangement of atoms
what is a position isomer
functional group changes position but remains intact
what is a chain isomer
the carbon chain is different
what is a functional group isomer
same molecular formula but with a different functional group
why does the boiling points of alkane chains increase as the chains get longer
Van der Walls increases
what is the additional chain of CH3 called
methyl
what is the additional chain of C2H5 called
ethyl
what is the additional chain of C3H7 called
porpyl
what is the additional chain of C4H9 called
butyl
what is a Z isomer
cis structure
what is a E isomer
trans structure
are alkanes polar
no, electronegativities of C and H are similar
what conditions are needed for thermal cracking
high temperature 700-1200 K, high pressure 7000kPa
what are free radicals
when C-C bonds break, one electron pair goes to each atom. 2 shorter chains produced ending with an unpaired electron. These are called free radicals
are free radicals reactive
no
what conditions are needed for catalytic cracking
lower temperature 720K, lower pressure, a zeolite catalyst
what are zeolite catalysts made of
silicon dioxide and aluminium oxide
describe zeolite catalysts
honeycomb shape with a large surface area. acidic
what type of reaction is combustion
exothermic
what causes complete combustion
excess oxygen
what does complete combustion produce
CO2 and H2O
what causes incomplete combustion
a shortage of oxygen
what does incomplete combustion produce
CO, C and what alkane
what do catalytic converters get rid of
CO and NO2
what catalyst do catalytic converters use
platinum
how are sulphur impurities removed
via scrubbing. reacted with calcium oxide to produce a basic oxide. react with acidic SO2 to produce a salt.
what happens when alkanes react with halogens
successive substitution of H with halogens
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