Rhythms of the World COMPLETE
Terms in this set (56)
A single headed drum shaped like a goblet. The main drum in African music.
A larger double headed drum played with a stick and often worn on the shoulder.
When you combine different rhythms to create a complex sound of interweaving beats. African and Samba feature lots of these.
When you combine different rhythms that have different time signatures or accents. African and Samba feature lots of these.
Call and Response
A main feature of African music this is where a drummer or singer may start a pattern then pass it on to the next drummer or singers who repeat or reply to it.
Short, repetitive and contain a narrow range of pitches.
A bell like instrument used in African music. Played with a stick.
Ceremonies, weddings, funerals, celebrations.
Cultural events where African music is performed.
A small drum played under the arm with a stick. By squeezing the arm you can change the pitch of notes so that it imitates vocal sounds.
A pear shaped, short necked 11 stringed instrument that resembles a lute. Used in Greek, Palestinian and Israeli music, it is often used as accompaniment but can also play the melody.
A tambourine like instrument used in Greek, Palestinian and Israeli music.
A 3 stringed instrument used in Greek played with a bow. Similar sound to a violin.
When the number of beats in each bar is an odd number. The beats can be grouped with different accents. Examples are 5/8 and 7/8.
To place emphasis on a particular note(s) or beat(s) in a bar of music.
A type of scale often used in Greek, Palestinian and Israeli music.
The name given to the many different rhythm patterns found in Arabic music. Similar to what a tala is in Indian music.
Very small variations in pitch. These are used frequently in Greek, Palestinian and Israeli music.
When one syllable is sung over many notes. Typical feature of Arabic singing.
Flat bodied string instrument which has no neck. Used in Palestinian music. Played on lap.
The main drum in Palestinian music. Played with fingertips and palms.
Homophonic/Melody and accompaniment
This type of texture is where the main tune of the song is played/sung whilst other instrument(s) play the chords. Very common in Greek music.
A famous Greek composer and singer.
Le Trio Joubran
A famous Palestinian group.
A famous Israeli composer.
The distance between two notes e.g. C to E is a 3rd
Often moving in intervals of a 3rd and featuring tremolo picking and slides. Played on the bouzouki.
Large string instrument which plays a low sounding drone.
A pair of drums. The main percussion instrument in Indian music.
A type of scale that the sitar player uses to improvise. There are different ones for different moods.
The pattern of beats in Indian music that moves in a cycle. There are hundreds of different ones.
A type of note that isn't usually heard in Western music but used lots in Indian music. It is smaller than a semitone.
The first section of a Indian piece. This is where the sitar player freely improvises using the raga scale. It is relatively calm and has no pulse or beat. There is no percussion.
The third section of an Indian piece. The music becomes much more exciting now. The tempo is fast and the sitar and tambura start to play decorated rhythms.
The fourth section of an Indian piece. This is where the tabla comes in and the piece really takes off. The music is fast with complex rhythmic and melodic ideas.
A type of music which is a mix of Punjabi folk and Western dance music.
A famous Indian music artist.
The main drum in Bhangra music
The name given to the main rhythm in Bhangra music.
A famous Bhangra artist.
Synthesiser, drum machine, sampler
Electronic instruments that are used in modern Bhangra
Main instrument in Indian music. Plays the melody, which is usually improvised.
A long necked stringed instrument that often plays the melody in Greek music. It has pairs of strings that are tuned to the same note or an octave apart.
A repeated rhythm. Used in Samba frequently.
A common rhythm used in Latin American music.
Rhythms and melodies where the off beats are accented.
Call & Response
A main feature of Samba, the leader will play a phrase and the rest of the ensemble will reply to it.
A large drum used in Samba. Produces a low bass sound.
The lead drum in Samba. The group leader plays phrases on this.
A bell type instrument hit with a stick.
A small handheld drum in Samba that produces a tight, mid pitched sound.
A shaker instrument used in Samba
The name of the whistle used by the Samba leader to direct the performance.
A snare drum used in Samba.
A technique used when playing steel pans whereby the player alternates between two notes continuously to produce a rolling note effect.
The main percussion instrument in Calypso. These are made from oil drums and come in a range of sizes to produce different pitches.
Tonic to dominant
A common way of playing a bass line in Calypso music.