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Edexcel A level English Language Terminology
Terms in this set (98)
The writing system and the presentation of language
Phonetics, phonology and prosody
Speech sounds, sound effects and
The structure of words
The vocabulary of a language
The meaning of the vocabulary
The relationships between words in sentences
The method of communication
The subject matter
The purpose of the communication
The relationship between writers/speakers and readers/listeners
Variation in meaning, depending on context
Extended texts (written or spoken) in their context
Non standard capitalisation
Irregular use of capital letters
Words that have fallen out of common usage
The change in the meaning of a word from one thing to something completely different
Sequence of words is rearranged to create an alternative weighting on a sentence
Deliberate downplaying of something for effect
Metaphor that states something is only a small constituent part of itself eg 'got a new set of wheels'
When the weather or environment mirrors emotions
Naming word for a thing that is tangible e.g 'tree'
Naming word for an idea, concept, something non tangible e.g 'love'
Naming word for a specific example of a common noun e.g 'Eiffel tower'
Word that represents an action or process
A word that represents a physical action e.g 'jumping'
A word that represents an often mental process e.g 'thinking'
Word that often has to go with another verb to create present participles or future tense e.g 'I am going'
An auxiliary verb that expresses a degree of possibility or necessity e.g 'I might go out'
A word that modifies a noun
Describing word that modifies all word groups excluding nouns
An adjective that displays the most extreme value of its quality e.g 'biggest'
An adjective that relates one thing to another in some way e.g 'bigger'
Words like 'The' Introduces a noun phrase and implies that the thing mentioned has already been mentioned
Words like 'a' or 'an' Introduces a noun phrase and implies that the thing referred to is non-specific
Word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence e.g 'him, her'
First person pronoun
'I, us, we our'
Second person pronoun
Third person pronoun
'He, her, them, those'
'My, mine, yours, his, hers, theirs'
'This, that, those'
A word of one syllable
A word of two or more syllables
Imperative sentence mood
When a sentence is issuing a command
Declarative sentence mood
When a sentence is making a statement
Interrogative sentence mood
When a sentence is asking a question
Exclamatory sentence mood
When a sentence conveys a strong sense of emotion
The level of formality of a text
The tone, the relationship between author and reader and how it is created
The opinions expressed in the text
What the text is about
Things outside the text which may shape the meaning
The structure and shape of a text (similar to graphology)
The recurring ideas and images in a text
Informal language usage e.g 'bloke, fella'
One word sentence with an exclamation mark
When parts of a written structure are missing
An aside within a text, often in brackets
A question designed not to be answered
When a rhetorical question is immediately followed by an answer
Deliberately over exaggerating for effect
The creation of patterns in a text
The grouping of three
A descriptive or metaphorical use of language to create a vivid picture
A descriptive technique where the descriptive words come before the noun they are descibing
A descriptive technique where the descriptive words come after the noun they are describing
A comparison that states that something is actually something else
A comparison that states that something is 'as' or 'like' something else
Explaining something in terms of something else
To refer to something indirectly or metaphorically
A device in which the non human is given personal and human qualities
Using figurative and metaphoric language, items or incident in a way that means that certain things represent other things
Field specific lexis
The language of a certain area e.g computing lexis 'mouse' 'keyboard'
The selection of relative lexemes from a text e.g modifiers, nouns
Words created by the initials of other words
Words that sound the same when said out loud but have different meanings
When one word has multiple meanings e.g 'great' can mean cool and can also refer to size
The fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect
When ideas contrast or oppose one another
Two words that are opposite ends of notational scale e.g 'hot' and 'cold'
The use of apparently contradictory words in a phrase
Words that through usage just go naturally together, but would otherwise be completely unlinked e.g 'chill out'
The listing of elements that excludes any form of coordinating conjunction. Absence of conjunction or prefix
The listing of elements that features a coordinating conjunction
Any devices used that relate to sound
The repetition of double consonants in the middle of words
The repetition of a vowel sound
Where there can be more than one possible meaning or outcome in a story
When an animal takes on the characteristics of a human being
Piece of writing that pokes fun at the societal establishment
Newly invented word by merging two words together e.g 'chillax'
A word created by utilising two existing words separated by a hyphen e.g 'bone-headed'
Colloquial omission of parts of words to create a more causal alternative e.g 'cause'
An example of persuasive language
Words that are considered socially unacceptable to say in polite civilised society
The associations that can be gleaned from words
The literal meaning of words
The polite way of saying something not normally considered socially acceptable
An unnecessarily extreme way of saying something not normally considered socially acceptable
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