Upgrade to remove ads
Barlett (key study)
Terms in this set (6)
Bartlett investigated how memory is reconstructed when people are asked to recall an unfamiliar story
Participants were shown the War of the Ghosts story.
They recalled it after 15 minutes, then after weeks, months and years.
Bartlett recorded the recall.
Participants changed the story.
They left out information that they were less familiar with. The story was shortened and phrases were changed to those used in the participants' own culture.
The study shows that we use our knowledge of social situations to reconstruct memory, as details of the story were invented to improve meaning.
evaluation 1: lacks control
One weakness relates to a lack of control.
For example, participants were not told that accurate recall was important. Other studies found recall was better when participants were told this.
This suggests that recall is more accurate than Bartlett concluded.
evaluation 2: biased results
Bartlett's own beliefs may have affected the results. He analysed the recollections himself. His belief that recall would be affected by cultural expectations may have biased the interpretation of the results. we cannot fully trust the conclusion.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Peterson and Peterson (Key study)
Psychology Development GCSE
Case Studies - Strengths and Weaknesses
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
saq 4 Explain one study of reconstructive memory.
Bartlett, 1932 - Reconstructive Memory 'The War of…
Evaluate schema theory with reference to research…
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
The Sky in Japanese