Meta-ethics: Intuitionism: G.E. Moore
Terms in this set (23)
1. What is do intuitionists argue?
-That we intuitively recognise 'good'
2. What must be questioned?
-What do they mean by 'good'?
3. What does Moore argue about 'good'?
-Does not mean we intuitively recognise good actions or good consequences
4. What instead to intuitively recognise?
-Intrinsic goods, things that are good in themselves
5. What does Moore state it is necessary to consider?
"...what things are such that, if they existed in absolute isolation, we should judge their existence to be good."
6. What does Moore highlight?
-Two goods that are intrinsically good
7. What are these intrinsic goods?
-Friendship and aesthetic beauty
8. What does he concedes that there are?
-Other goods we intrinsically recognise but are not fully intrinsically good
9. Why are these goods not intrinsically good?
-Mixed due to the complexity of the natural world
10. What does Moore believe that moral intuition is in all people?
11. What are the outcomes of innate intuition?
12. What is moral intuition?
-Universal, apply the same to all people
-We would all recognise friendship is intrinsically good
13. What does the universal aspect of moral intuition mean?
-It is not reliant upon human opinion, upbringing and preference
14. What is intuition not?
-Cognitive in the same way that Naturalism is
-Naturalism is objective because it proofs its ethical propositions using empirical evidence
16. But due to the Objectivity of intuitionism, what does this mean it is still?
-Cognitive because ethical language is meaningful as it is objective
17. What could intuitionsm be argued to be the same as and why?
-Common sense or self evident truths
-Recognises intrinsic goods
18. Who would dispute this?
-Intutionists, like Moore
19. Why would they dispute this?
-They would argue our moral intuition reveals objective moral truths, whereas common sense is subjective
20. How does it appear that moral intuition is infallible?
-Moore argues that moral agents possess the same universal intuition
-Cannot be wrong
21. What does Moore concede?
-That the practical application of this knowledge can take maturity
-Just because I realise something is good does not mean I will do anything about it.
22. What, however, does Moore argue?
-That with maturity people recognise it is their duty to practically apply this initiative ethical knowledge
23. What does Moore argue is the best way to apply our ethical intuitive knowledge?
-To do actions that create the most 'intrinsic good' consequences (a teleological approach, AU/SE)