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Terms in this set (45)
Where was the Parthenon built?
How many columns did the Parthenon have?
When was the acropolis built?
2400 years ago, built by the Greeks (for worshiping)
Where was the acropolis located?
top (of a hill or mountain)
What was the acropolis' source of marble?
Mount Bentelikon (quarry)
how many tonnes of pentelic marble was used for the Pathenon?
How many stones were used to build the Parthenon?
What does the word 'Parthenon' mean?
Virgin (as Athena is the virgin goddess)
What goddess was the Parthenon dedicated to?
What is the Propylaea?
What were the stones in the Parthenon like?
its stones were tightly welded together, making it watertight and able to withstand earthquakes
When was the Propylaea built?
What were the Propylaea's columns like?
Doric columns of pentelic marble
How many wings did the Propylaea have?
When were the Propylaea's colonades almost finished?
What was the Propylaea's northern wing decorated with?
paintings by Polygnotus
What was in the southern wing of the Propylaea?
Small Ionic Temple of Athena Nike
When was the Parthenon built?
When was the Erechtheion built?
What was the Erechtheion built on?
What was the Erechtheion's entrance lined with?
Six Ionic columns
How many porches are there in the Erechtheion?
What was the southwest corner supported by in the Erechtheion?
female figures (caryatids)
What was the eastern part dedicated to in the Erechtheion?
What did the western part in the Erechtheion serve?
the cults of Poseidon-Erechtheus
How was the original plan of the interior destroyed in the Erechtheion?
by a fire in the first century BC
When was the Brauroneion built?
around 421 BC
Where was the Brauroneion built?
between the Temple of Athena Nike and the Parthenon
What was the temple of the Brauroneion dedicated to?
What was the Goddess, Artemis Brauronia, represented as in the temple?
Where was Artemis Brauronia worshiped in?
in the deme of Brauron
What was the Brauroneion also known as?
The Sanctuary of Artemis Brauronia
What statue was said to be found in the Brauroneion?
A wooden statue of Artemis, made during the 4th century BC. (according to Pausanias)
What did the word 'Chalkotheke' mean in Greek?
Where were the remains of the Chalkotheke found?
on the east of the Brauroneion, southwest of the Parthenon and stood in front of the southern acropolis wall
What were the dimensions of the Chalkotheke?
43m long x 14m wide
When was the Chalkotheke built?
Early 4th century (with renovations done during the Roman times)
Where was the statue of Athena Promachos located?
behind the Propylaea
What was the statue of Athena Promachos?
A gigantic bronze statue of Athena Promachos (Promachos: "Athena who fights in the front line")
When was the statue Athena Promachos built?
450 - 448 BC
What were the dimensions of the statue of Athena Promachos?
base = 1.5 m x height = 9m
What did the statue of Athena Promachos hold?
a giant shield on her left side (decorated by Mys with images of the fight between the centaurs and the Lapiths) and used to hold a lance (the gilt tip could be seen as a reflection by crews of ships rounding Cape Sounion)
What type of columns does the temple of Athena Nike have?
What is the temple of Athena Nike's porch like?
It has a tetrastyle porch with 4 columns.
What was the statue found in the Parthenon?
Athena holding Nike (goddess of victory)
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