62 terms

IB Psychology HL - Paper 3

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Quantitative
Generic term for a type of research that is used to extrapolate beyond the sample tested [usually measured in numbers]
Qualitative
Generic term for a type of research that produces rich data that is highly descriptive (usually some form of text generated by the participant[s])
Credibility
A qualitative research term that is called internal validity in quantitative research
Dependability
A qualitative research term that is called reliability in quantitative research
Confirmability
A qualitative research term that is called objectivity in quantitative research
Transferability
A qualitative research term that is called generalisability in quantitative research
Credibility
This establishes that the results of qualitative research are believable from the perspective of the participant in the research.
Dependability
This emphasises the need for the researcher to account for the ever-changing context within which research occurs.
Dependability
The qualitative researcher is responsible for describing the changes that occur in the setting and how these changes affected the way the researcher approached the study.
Confirmability
Qualitative research tends to assume that each researcher brings a unique perspective to the study.
Confirmability
This can refer to the degree to which the qualitative findings could be corroborated by others.
Transferability
This qualitative term refers to the degree to which the findings can be transferred to other contexts or settings.
Transferability
This qualitative term can be enhanced by doing a thorough job of describing the research context and the assumptions that were central to the research.
Representative generalisation
Findings from qualitative research can be applied to populations outside the population of study
Inferential generalisation
Findings from qualitative research can be applied to settings outside the population of study
Theoretical generalisation
Theoretical concepts derived from the data can be used to develop further theory (inductive)
Theoretical generalisation
The findings from the study might lead to inferences about what could be effective social policies
Theoretical generalisation
Findings may contribute to wider social theory
Inferential generalisation
This is equivalent to 'transferability' or 'external validity'
Correlational Studies
A study that determines whether or not two variables are linked.
Representative generalisation
Difficulty in generalise findings - however, if findings support other studies, it is argued that this kind of generalisation is possible
Triangulation
This involves using multiple data sources in an investigation to produce understanding.
Data triangulation
This entails gathering data through several sampling strategies, so that slices of data at different times and social situations, as well as on a variety of people, are gathered.
Demand Characteristics
When participant try to guess the outcome of an experiment, either purposefully or unconsciously to favour the experiment goal
Investigator triangulation
This refers to the use of more than one researcher in the field to gather and interpret data - inter-rater reliability.
Theoretical triangulation
This refers to the use of more than one theoretical position in interpreting data.
Ecological Validity
Extent to which the results of as study can be generalised to a real-life situation.
Egocentrism
The inability to differentiate between self and other.
Emic
A type of research study where the focus is on only one culture
Methodological triangulation
This refers to the use of more than one method for gathering data.
Reflexivity
The process of examining both oneself as researcher, and the research relationship.
Reflexivity
Self-searching involves examining one's "conceptual baggage", one's assumptions and preconceptions, and how these affect research decisions, particularly, the selection and wording of questions.
Reflexivity
Looking at the research relationship involves examining one's relationship to the respondent, and how the relationship dynamics affect responses to questions
Experiment
A characteristic of this is that it is designed with a single IV [multiple conditions] that is manipulated in order to see whether there is a change in the DV, which is numerical measured
Etic
A type of research study where the focus is on multiple cultures.
Lab Experiment
A characteristic where all variables that might affect the DV are controlled meaning any change in the DV is the result of the manipulation of the IV
Lab Experiment
Only research method that can demonstrate a cause and effect
Field Experiment
This is conducted in a real-world environment that seeks causal relationships between a deliberately manipulated IV
Experiment
This research method has very strong internal validity
Experiment
This research method has very weak ecological validity
Field Experiment
Researchers are manipulating an IV, but participants are often unaware that they are being observed making their behaviour more natural increasing ecological validity
Field Experiment
Researchers are manipulating the IV in a real-world environment, but this decreases internal validity
Quasi experiment
This is a research method where the researchers cannot randomly allocate the participants to groups as the IV is determined by the characteristics of participants.
Quasi experiment
As the participants cannot be randomly allocated, this means that the findings lack internal validity
Natural experiment
One characteristic of this research method is that the IV is naturally occurring
Natural experiment
This research method is characterised by the IV naturally occurring and therefore is may lack internal validity as changes in the DV may have arisen due to extraneous factors
Correlational studies
This research method is used when it is not possible to ethically or practically manipulate an IV
Naturalistic observation -Participant
The researcher collects data from participants in their natural environment without any deliberate manipulation of the setting
Naturalistic observation -Participant
The researcher becomes actively involved within the community or group that is being studied
Naturalistic observation - Non-participant
With this research method, participants have to give consent, but when the researcher observes them, they have no interaction with them
Case study
Research method that focuses on an individual, group or organisation that is unusual in some way
Case study
This research method often comprise data that has been gathered using a variety of techniques.
Case study
This research method is often longitudinal using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods
Unstructured interviews
A qualitative research method that is one-to-one where the research objective is clear and allows flexibility and freedom during the study process
Unstructured interviews
A qualitative research method that is one-to-one and the participant determines the direction within the broad topic area
Unstructured interviews
A qualitative research method that is one-to-one where the researchers need a lot training to ensure that the participants stay on track and achieve the research objectives
Semi-structured interviews
A qualitative research method that is one-to-one where the research questions are devised prior to the study that answers the objectives of the study, but still allows enough flexibility to deviate from these questions
Semi-structured interviews
A qualitative research method that is one-to-one that can use both open and closed questions
Semi-structured interviews
A qualitative research method that is one-to-one with open questions that prompts longer, richer answers without being guided by the researcher
Focus groups
A qualitative research method that comprises of 6 - 10 participants
Focus groups
A qualitative research method that comprises of 6 - 10 participants who talk about a common topic/interest/characteristic
Focus groups
A qualitative research method that comprises of 6 - 10 participants where the researcher is the facilitator and monitors the discussion
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
STUDY GUIDE