A learned action/behaviour with the intention of bringing about predetermined results with maximum certainty and minimum outlay of time and energy.
Inherited from your parents, they are stable traits that determine an individual's potential to learn or acquire skills
A skill which is performed in a certain way to deal with a changing or unstable environment, e.g. to outwit and opponent.
A skill which is not affected by the environment or performers within it. It tends to be done the same way each time.
The skill is started when the performer decides to start it. The speed, rate or pace of the skill is controlled by the performer.
The skill is started because of ab external factor. the speed, rate or pace of the skill is controlled by external factors, e.g. an opponent.
Personal standards to be achieved. the performer compares their performance against what they have already done or suggests what they are going to do .There is no comparison with other performers.
Focus on end result, for example winning.
This is making decisions. It involves gathering data from the display (senses) and prioritising the most important stimuli to make a suitable decision, for example choosing a suitable skill.
A basic model of information
This shows the simple processes that a performer carries out in order to decide what skill to use.
Guidance that you can see, for example a demonstration.
Guidance that is provided by another person speaking to you.
Physically moving the performer, for example the coach supporting the movement through physical touch.
Using Mechanical aids to assist a performer, for example using a float in swimming or a harness in trampolining.
Knowledge of results
Feedback about the outcome
Knowledge of performance
Feedback about the quality of performance, for example technique.
Feedback from within, for example kinaesthetic feel.
Feedback from an external source.
Physical and mental (physiological and psychological) state of alertness/excitement varying from deep sleep to intense excitement.
A physical/somatic technique which involves the performer exaggerating their breaths in and out.
A mental technique involving the performer picturing themselves performing the skill perfectly before attempting it. This mental/cognitive relaxation technique involves control of mental thoughts and imagining positive outcomes.
A mental/cognitive technique whereby the performer talks to him/herself in their head to reassure themselves.
Personality type characterised by being sociable, active, talkative and out-going - usually associated with team sports players.
Personality type characterised by being quiet, passive, reserved and shy - usually associated with individual sports performance.
The drive to succeed or the desire (want) to achieve something.
The drive that comes from within the performer.
The drive experiences by a performer when striving to achieve a reward (tangible or intangible).