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Terms in this set (13)
the element of a person that enables them to be aware of the world and their experiences, to think, and to feel; the faculty of consciousness and thought.
The scientific study of people and their behaviors in sport and exercise contexts and the practical application of that knowledge.
a negative emotional state with feelings of worry, nervousness, and apprehension associated with activation or arousal of the body.
Individuals ability to exert deliberate mental effort on what's most important in any given situation.
The belief in one's self and ability to succeed.
The direction and intensity of one's efforts.
The degree to which members of a group work together to achieve a common goal.
EX: winning a championship which requires a great deal of co-ordination and teamwork.
How does anxiety affect participation and performance?
The more psyched up an athlete is the better the individual performs (drive theory).
Some people perform better in front of an audience whereas some perform worse.
How does concentration affect participation and performance?
Adequate levels of concentration helps an athlete perform at their best.
Too narrow- the athlete won't be aware of other cues that they need to be aware of.
Too broad- the athlete will take into account cues that are distracting and unnecessary.
-Ex: a footballer taking into account all
the players, rather than the ones
How does confidence affect participation and performance?
Biggest contributor to performance accomplishments.
Successfully perform any skill increases confidence.
Skill learning should be progressive.
Success breeds confidence whereas repeated personal failure diminishes it.
Being involved with the success of others, especially of the same level (performance accomplishments), increases confidence.
Positive thinking can help boost confidence.
How does motivation affect participation and performance?
Common reasons to take part:
-Fitness: Get in shape; get stronger.
-Fun: Excitement, challenge, Action.
-Affiliation: Be with friends; make new friends.
-Competence: Learn and improve skills;
-Competition: Win; be successful.
-Team Aspects: Be part of a group or team.
If an individual is more motivated to do something it will lead to an increase in direction and intensity.
How does team cohesion affect participation and performance?
Relying on others may make you more committed to do something.
You may feel bad if you're let other people down.
Sport - Helps people bond.
- Social cohesion- more likely to perform
well if you like each other and enjoy
Delivers messages from the brain to other areas of the body.