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Ladybridge BTEC Music - Unit 1 Revision
Terms in this set (74)
Performing Rights Society.
Mechanical copyright protection society.
Phonographic performance limited.
An organisation that provides a particular service on behalf of a business or artist.
work on behalf of the artists to promote their career, run their business affairs. Secure the best fee/ work for their artists.
promote artists releases to the media. make sure it is given a good profile.
Advantage of an small venue
Cheap to hire. More intimate. Less Pressure. Easier to fill.
Disadvantage of a small venue
Less profit. Limited Space. Lower Quality Sound Equipment.
Advantage of a large venue
Better technical facilities. Opportunity to make more profit. More Space
Disadvantages of a large venue
Harder to fill. More Expensive to hire. Further out of town.
Broadcasting Entertainment Cinematograph and Theatre Union.
Music producers guild.
Association of professional recording services.
Professional lighting and sound association.
what is a trade body?
A trade body is organisation founded and funded by a business that operate ins specific industry.
What does a Union do for its members?
Negotiate contracts on behalf of members. Provides networking opportunities. Gives advice on matters like royalties. Networking contacts. Advice on tax and National Insurance. Information about pensions. Provides information on any updates about changes to relevant legislation.
Why do we soundcheck?
To give the band a rehearsal on the stage. To check the sound quality. To get the sound levels correct. To test the volume. To ensure the band is prepared. To make sure all equipment is working properly and there are no faults.
What does a roadie do
transport equipment for tours and concerts.
Advantage of renting a professional recording studio
be able to record with the best quality equipment. People to support with the most experience.
Multi use space
Stadium, Outdoor spaces, Arenas, Sports Venues. - They can be used for more than 1 activity.
Ways to ensure health and safety at venues
Bag Checks. Security Detectors. Fire Exits. Trained Staff. No Overcrowding.
Benefits of a Major Record Company
- More contacts.
- More Money
- Better deals on advertising/ promotion.
What does PPL do?
PPL collects and distributes royalties on behalf of performers and record companies for the use of their recorded music.
What does PRS do?
PRS for Music collects and distributes royalties on behalf of songwriters, composers and music publishers, for the use of their musical compositions and lyrics.
Negatives of major record company
- Very profit driven
- Lot's of artist which could be more competitive.
- Less personal due to the large company.
Negative of a small independent record company
- Less Money
- Less influence in the industry meaning making deals might be harder.
Benefits of a small independent record company
- More personal.
- More specialised to a particular style.
supplies goods to stores and other businesses that sell to consumers.
Hire companies rent equipment such as backlines, drumkits, recording equipment, touring equipment.
FX rentals is a hire company.
Hire companies work with roadies, musicians, sound engineers etc...
Lighting Groups- PRG(production resource group)- Moveable lights/ desks
Artists don't have to buy expensive equipment they can just pay a hire fee.
Union for actors, dancers and other performers.
Instrumentalist, Vocalist, Accompanist, DJ.
What are the responsibilities of a musician?
Attending auditions, attending rehearsals, taking part in performances and workshops.
Responsibilities of a Live Sound Technician
Stage planning, de-rigging, supervision of crew, sound checking, ensuring mics and lines work correctly, adjusting levels, on stage mix, front of house and monitor mixing.
Responsibilities of a Drum Technician
Tune the drums, change skins, Position the drums correctly, source new parts for the kit when needed.
Responsibilities of a Guitar Technician
Tune the guitars, replace strings, repair any faults, source new parts or guitars when needed.
What does a Musical Director do?
Conducting, Arranging and leading rehearsals usually for a show/ musical. Hiring musicians.
What does a producer do?
producing, sequencing music, using music technology to realise the musicians' ideas, creative and artistic direction.
A recording engineer who specializes in audio mastering — the preparation of mixed audio for final release and distribution. This might include equalization, dynamics processing, editing, encoding, formatting, and other processes. Mastering engineers must have great ears; an excellent understanding of delivery formats; a good sense of current trends; a deep understanding of audio and how to process it, and more.
Mastering process is important because it means the track can be played on any device or through any medium. This means it will sound good wherever the listener hears it.
Organisation that produces and licenses the production of printed music
Organises event security, Books Events, Keeps Licensing up to date, Interviews and selects staff, Check Health and Safety is up to date.
Responsibilities of a music producer
Artistic overview of the recording process.
Creative manager of tracks
Has financial control of the recording process
gains sample clearance
writes musical arrangements.
Why should an artist join PPL
To receive royalties
To ensure the artist gets paid what they are due
To gain advice on royalties
Saves the artist trying to collect royalties themselves.
So that the artist keeps track of performances of recorded work.
What should staff do if a fire starts
Raise the alarm.
Call emergency services.
Inform the public
Locate/use fire extinguisher
Evacuate the building
Help with any first aid
How could a band get more people to attend their gig
Free downloads of their tracks
Advertise on TV radio
Why would a business or a person fund an event.
To gain exposure.
To try and increase sales
As a charitable donation
To gain advertising
To be associated with the event/ group
How do you not fund your music career
Organisations that help you to promote your music
TV, Radio, Newspapers, Local Council, Printers, Websites,
Advantages of promoting using social media
Can reach a lot of people
Can reach people in a wide area e.g. internationally
Allows for the information to be passed onto others or shared
Can target a particular audience
Not time consuming.
Responsibilities of a composer
compose music for TV programmes
Compose music for singers
Compose music for special events
keep to a deadline
work with the performer so the song suits them
Consult the company employing you to compose for them.
Responsibilities of a conductor
Bring all the performers together
set the tempo
shape the sound of the ensemble
choose the music
Responsibilities of a Roadie
Set up Equipment
Look after Equipment
Pack away Equipment
GET IN - GET OUT
Responsibilities of the Artist/ Talent/ Band Manager
organise and confirm show dates and tours
talk to record companies
Give personal advice on life choices
Help gain marketing deals.
Responsibilities of a Promoter
Works with venues to arrange for a show.
In charge of 'putting on' the show.
Works with artists' management
Promote the show through advertisement and publicity.
Finds artists to be in the show
Secures funding for the show.
Responsibility of Marketing
Designs album covers, Create the artist's image/ brand, devises promotional events e.g. giveaways, sponsorship.
Responsibilities of a Sound Engineer
Planning recording sessions.
Setting up microphones
making sure the volume and recording levels are set correctly
operating recording equipment
recording each instrument onto a separate track
Responsibilities of a Session Musician
Turn up on time to recording sessions.
Rehearse music and keep instrumental level high.
Follow instructions given by the producer
contribute ideas if asked.
Music Jounalist/ Blogger
Writes reviews about an artist's concert and album
attend shows/concerts and interview people
listen to CD's, online music, new talent and stay up to date with the music scene.
Software Programmer/ App Developer
Creates apps, music programmes, sequencing programmes (Logic, Garageband, Sibelius). Up date the programme regularly.
Sells music to the customer
E.g. Itunes, Amazon, Spotify, HMV
an agent who supplies goods to stores and other businesses that sell to consumers.
employment which typically includes 30 to 40 hours each week, often includes set hours and usually includes a set salary and benefits such as insurance and paid time off
employment which involves less than 30 hours each week, allows for more flexibility and rarely includes benefits
Freelance/ Self Employment
You work for a set period of time you are contracted with a company.
Payment is negotiated with the employer
No Sick Days
Possible Health and Safety Risks at a Venue
Falling From Height
First Aid issues.
Clean drinking water
Flow of people.
Linked with printed music. Developing, Protecting and Valuing Music. Look after the royalties of a composers work.
Advantages of a Major Publishing house
better equipped to distribute music.
More funds available.
Often higher quality product.
more marketing and promotion opportunities and contacts.
More opportunity to make more money.
Disadvantages of a Major Publishing house
Take a percentage of the money you earn.
They may want to edit or change your music.
Advantages of Self Publishing
You are more in control of editing.
Stepping stone to a larger company
You keep all the money.
Disadvantages of Self Publishing
Less marketing and promotion available.
You are likely to make less money.
Can waste your time when you could be writing more music.
Why does mastering make a track more successful?
Makes the track sound more professional meaning people are more likely to buy it. Means the track can be transferred to many formats. So it compares to the other tracks on the radio. Care and attention to the track means the listener will enjoy it more.
a company who moves equipment between gigs or arranges the movement of equipment when a band is on tour.