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Jekyll and Hyde religion + science, Utterson
Terms in this set (19)
'that hard law of life, which lies at the root of religion'
'unscientific balderdash', 'scientific heresies'
Jekyll's bad science
'the whole of the servants... stood huddled together like a flock of sheep'
Parable of the Sheep and the Goats, when Utterson arrives at Jekyll's house
'annotated, in his own hand, with startling blasphemies' vs 'now no less distinguished for religion'
Jekyll's true views about religion vs turning to religion after Carew murder
'Hence it came about that I concealed my pleasures'
'all intelligent, reputable men'
Jekyll's company from c2
'in spite of the low growl of London from all around'
Description of London
Lanyon's reaction to transformation
'a prodigy to stagger the unbelief of Satan'
'hearty, healthy, dapped, red-faced gentleman' vs 'the rosy man had grown pale; his flesh had fallen away; he was visibly balder and older'
Lanyon before and after transformation
'I incline to Cain's heresy'
Biblical reference to describe Utterson
'rugged countenance', 'austere with himself'
Utterson man-like qualities
'embarrassed in discourse'
Utterson awkward, ironic as he is social pivot of narrative,
Utterson knows Jekyll is in league with Hyde following murder of Carew, 'I let my brother go to the devil in his own way', 'inclined to help rather than to reprove'
Irony of Utterson being a lawyer but supporting criminal activities
Symbol of contasts and hypocrisy; represents Victorian gentlemen + repression in Victorian society; Utterson's grace, decorum, reason, repression reflects Victorian society's general attempt to maintain civilisation over + against humanity's darker impulses; as Utterson represses and hides his true nature, so too does Victorian society deny the existence of an uncivilised, savage human nature
Essay main point for utterson
Doesn't come up with many theories/explanations, increases surprise in plot twist; no imaginative solutions as to who Hyde is; only one explanation of blackmail, which is appropriate to context of Victorian hypocrisy
Why is Utterson so boring
'He was austere with himself; drank gin when he was alone, to mortify a taste for vintages', 'Though he enjoyed the theatre, he had not crossed the doors of one for twenty years'
Wine, threatre, repression of unmanly qualities
evolution = most well-suited creature survives in environment; hypocrite most-suited to London so survives there
Evolution with hypocrisy
'wondering, almost with envy, at the high pressure of spirits involved in their misdeeds'
vicarious pleasures- lived through other people due to repression
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