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Health and the people GCSE
Terms in this set (43)
What year did Vesalius publish 'Fabric of the Human Body'?
Fabric of the Human body was published in 1543
Galen essentially developed the Four humours and his teaching was the base of medical training within the medical era
Vesalius disproved Galen's idea that the jaw had two bones and also that the blood does not flow through invisible holes in the septum
English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood
Disproved Galens idea that blood was made from the liver. He proved that the heart made the blood
advocated modern sanitary reforms that resulted in Britain's first Public Health Act.
Developed a vaccine for smallpox in 1796
Mapped the occurrence of cholera in London
A French chemist, GERM THEORY this man discovered that heat could kill bacteria that otherwise spoiled liquids including milk, wine, and beer.
Developed the culture plate method to identify pathogens. Found out that microbes cause disease
Established sanitary nursing care units. Founder of modern nursing. began professional education of nursing.
Discovered penicillin in 1928
Howard Florey and Ernst Chain
purified penicillin, the first commercial antibiotic to save human lives
"Founder of Medicine" During the Golden Age in Greece he was a scientist that believed all diseases came from natural causes. He also had high ideals for physicians & an oath was made that is still used today.
When did Galen live?
Galen lived c. AD 129 - c. 210 AD
What year was the fall of Rome?
What year did the Black Death start in England?
The Black Death began in England in June 1348
What year did Pare invent ointment for gunshot wounds?
Pare invented ointment made out of egg yolk, oil roses, and turpentine to treat gunshot wound in 1536
what year did Harvey first describe the circulation of blood?
Harvey first accurately described how the blood circulates through the human body in his 1628 book
What year did the Great Plague begin?
The Great Plague began in 1665
What year did Edward Jenner invent vaccination?
In 1796 Jenner invented vaccination
What year was Chadwick's report?
His report on The Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population was in 1842
What year did Simpson discover anaesthetic qualities of chloroform?
Simpson discovered anaesthetic qualities of chloroform in 1847
When was the 'Black Period' of surgery?
1846 - 1870
First Public Health Act in Britain
Second Public Health Act in Britain
What year did Snow discover that cholera was waterborne?
What year did Elizabeth Garrett Anderson graduate as a doctor?
What year was the work of Florence Nightingale in the British Army Hospital during the Crimean War?
1854 - 1856
What years was the Crimean War?
1854 - 1856
What year was Pasteur's Germ Theory
What year did Octavia Hill set up a clean housing for the poor charity?
What year did Joseph Lister develop Carbolic acid spray?
What year did David Lloyd George introduce Old Age Pensions?
What year did David Lloyd George introduce the National Insurance Act?
What year did Fleming discover properties of Penicillin?
What date was Florey and Chain's work on Penicillin put into action on D-Day?
6th June 1944
When was the Renaissance/Early Modern era?
The Renaissance was a cultural movement that spanned roughly the 14th to the 17th century
When did industrialisation start in Britain?
When was smallpox announced as being eradicated?
When was AIDS first identified as a major problem?
What did the Church-funded medieval hospitals offer patients?
Medieval hospitals offered prayer and care, but not cure
Name four modern day, often lifestyle-related diseases
Obesity, heart disease, lung cancer, diabetes
State 3 reasons why some doctors didn't want to work for the NHS when it began in 1948
It might reduce their income; their freedom to treat who they wanted to; the control over their own careers
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