Death and the Afterlife
Terms in this set (24)
Discussion of the last things at the end of time e.g. judgement
Group of religious Jewish teachers who believed in the the resurrection of the body after death
Group of religious Jewish teachers who did not believe in life after death
Someone who die for their faith
The second coming of Christ when he will judge the living and the dead
The last book of the New Testament. It contains visions of the end of time.
Kingdom of God
God's reign/rule in this world, the next, or in Heaven
Predestination, chosen by God for Heaven of Hell
View that God only chooses a small number of people for Heaven
View that all people will be called to salvation but only a few will be saved
Mainly associated with Hick
View that all people will be saved
Judgement for each person at the point of death
Idea that Christ will return and rule on Earth for a thousand years followed by the last judgement
The Parable of the Sheep and the Goats (NT)
Jesus' Parable on Final Judgement
- "all nations will be gathered"
- "the nations will be separated"
- discusses how Heaven is a part of God's plan for all creation
- Everyone will be judged and salvation will come to those who've earnt it
- Suggests either heaven or hell (no purgatory)
- Some say judgement will come after death but other say the Parable indicates judgement at the end of time
After death our bodies will be transformed into a spiritual body and will be raised to a spiritual place
Coined by Aquinas
The state of eternal happiness when we are face-to-face with God
Heaven as Beatific Vision
Because we have intelligence and eternal souls, Aquinas thought we could use our reason to reach the reward of this beatific vision
--> Most Catholics agree
A transcendent place after death where one can be close to God. God lives and rules this place, it is his 'kingdom'.
- "God the father", one is returning home to a place of unconditional love
- "One of plenty" - Revelation, a place of no suffering and pain, but great wealth
- Catholics adopt Aquinas' idea of Beatific Vision
- Protestants believe it to be an everlasting experience filled with love and where one can be reunited with loves ones.
Issues with Heaven
- Williams: Questioned whether Heaven would become boring. Pleasure of living is making choices about our short life.
- Some could respond by saying God makes sure we don't feel this way, but that could limit our freedom. Also coming to understand God would not be boring as there are infinite wonders.
- A transcendent place distanced from God for those who have sinned
- Often references to the devil
- Traditionally depicted as a place of fire where the wicked are punished
- A place of pain and suffering
- the Devil can be seen as temptation, rather than a literal figure
- Some say it is just an absence of God
Issues with Hell
- If God is omnibenevolent then how can a Hell exist? If he is omnipotent why does he not remove it?
- How can infinite, eternal pain be just for a small sin?
- If punishment is eternal we may become bored and immune
Rejects the traditional doctrine of Hell as he believes it is incompatible with a just God.
Says the idea of Hell leads to the question of justice as a finite sin can never deserve an infinite punishment.
A place of temporary punishment where one can be purged of their sins
Taught by the Catholic Church
Time spent there is dependent on the severity of the sins
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