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Vietnam 1954-1972 Edexcel
Terms in this set (34)
Dien Bien Phu (1954)
Battle in which the French were defeated by the Vietminh.
Operation Ranch Hand (1962)
Operation to destroy forest and remove VC hiding places.
An organization of Vietnamese Communists and other nationalist groups that between 1946 and 1954 fought for Vietnamese independence from the French
A group of Communist guerrillas who, with the help of North Vietnam, fought against the South Vietnamese government in the Vietnam War.
Ho Chi Minh
Communist leader of North Vietnam
Ho Chi Minh Trail
A network of jungle paths winding from North Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia into South Vietnam, used as a military route by North Vietnam to supply the Vietcong during the Vietnam War.
A chemical herbicide used to clear jungle growth in the Vietnam War
Killed rice in the fields, left many people starving
Operation Rolling Thunder (1965)
Bombing campaign over North Vietnam, supposed to weaken enemy's ability and will to fight (it didn't)
Code name for the US bombing of North Vietnam in April 1972.
Ngo Dinh Diem
Leader of South Vietnam
US President who sent military advisers to Vietnam and decided that the "Domino Theory" would be America's reason for entering the Vietnam War
US President who sent more military advisers to Vietnam and also sent Green Berets
Green Berets (special forces)
Troops that were ready to fight guerrilla warfare in Vietnam
US President who took a major role in escalating the Vietnam War and was the first president to send ground troops
US President who created "Vietnamization" and planned to take troops out of Vietnam
Easter Offensive 1972
VC had support from Laos and launched an invasion in the South. The ARVN and USA pushed them back.
Strategic Hamlet Program
This Southern Vietnamese policy was intended to combat the growing popularity and presence of VC. Encouraged by Kennedy.
Buddhist who burned himself to protest Ngo Dinh Diem's policies towards the Buddhists
Gulf of Tonkin Incident
Operation Cedar Falls (1967)
Search and Destroy Mission
A law requiring people of a certain age to serve in the military
My Lai Massacre
The killing of 200 Vietnamese old men, women and children by American soldiers
Ordered U.S. troops to enter the village of My Lai on a search-and-destroy mission to find Vietcong fighters. He was charged with 300 murders in September 1969.
Nixon Doctrine (1969)
Redefined the role of America in Vietnam war as that of a helpful partner rather than a military protector.
Kent State University (1970)
The National Guard was called out to police a protest on 4 May 1970 at the college → nervous soldiers fired into the crowd and killed 4 students
Hard Hat Riots 1970
Some construction workers of New York rioted against protesters against the war. The union workers were for the war because they were against communism.
Gulf of Tonkin Incident 1964
Two American destroyers, the Maddox and the Turner Jay, were supposedly attacked by North Vietnamese torpedo boats in international waters. President Lyndon B. Johnson used this incident as a reason to go to war.
Tet Offensive 1968
A massive, coordinated Communist assault against more than 100 cities and towns in South Vietnam.
Famous news reporter who began to doubt the war after the Tet Offensive
Term used by President Nixon to describe Americans who were in support of the war in Vietnam but often never spoke out (were silent!)
Highly flammable chemical dropped from US planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Edexcel GCSE History- Vietnam
Civil Rights USA 1954-1975
Historical Environment; World War One 1914-18, Med…
History - America (Civil Rights)
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