First World War Revision
Terms in this set (28)
A belief that your country is better than others and a wish by people of the same culture to form their own countries.
Agreements between nations to support each other.
A culture or society which is dominated by the armed forces and the belief that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggresively to defend or promote national interests.
A policy of wanting to have or maintaining an Empire and rule other countries.
A group of states or territories controlled by one ruler
The Great Powers of Europe in 1914
The Great Powers is the term describing the following countries: Great Britain, Germany, France, Russia, Austria Hungary
The position of Great Britain at the start of the 20th Century
A rich nation, with a highly developed industrial economy, the largest navy.
Extent of British Empire
It covered over one quarter of the world's surface.
Countries that are controlled by another nation in an Empire.
The position of Germany at the start of the 20th Century.
Germany had only become one nation in 1871. Some of the territory had been ruled by France and Austria Hungary. She had a larger population than Britain, her industries were more advanced as well. It is a larger landmass. It had a very large standing army and very few colonies. By 1913 it was selling more good in Europe than Britain.
(1815-1898) Prussian chancellor who engineered the unification of Germany under his rule. Sacked by the Kaiser in 1890.
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Grandson of Queen Victoria, he wanted Germany to be the most important country in the world and wanted to have colonies. He increased the navy in response to Britain having the largest navy in Europe.
The position of France at the start of the 20th Century.
Had lost territory to Germany during the Franco Prussian war (1870-71). Less industrialised than France. Had a large empire and army.
A large empire in central Europe made up of many peoples with different languages and cultures. Many of these wanted to rule themselves.
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
Unified as a country in 1871 following a number of wars of indepence. It felt threatened by France.
An alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
The Archduke Ferdinand
The Heir to the Austria Hungarian throne.
The city in Bosnia where the Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Countess Sophie were assassinated.
The Black Hand
A Serbian Nationalist/ terrorist group who wanted Bosnia to be part of Serbia
The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria, a member of The Black Hand.
Attack plan by Germans, proposed by Schliffen, lightning quick attack against France. Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France.
Russia at the start of the 20th Century
It had the largest population in Europe of 159 million and an empire which covered a huge territory in Europe and Asia of many peoples and cultures. She had a very large army and little industry. She wished to increase her interest in countries such as Serbia
A country South of Austria Hungary which had only been established in 1878.
How was the government of Serbia involved in the assassination of the Archduke?
Members of the government are believed to have given arms to the Black Hand
Austria Hungary's action following the death of the Archduke
Declared war on Serbia
The reasons for the failure of the Schlieffen Plan
England became involved and declared war on Germany and sent an expeditionary force, the Belgians would not let the German troops through their land without a fight, Russia was able to mobilise its troops within 10 days and the French fought back so that the German forces could not reach Paris.
Date of Britain's declaration of war against Germany
4th August 1914
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