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Terms in this set (21)
What was one of the impacts of French Soldiers fighting in the American War of Independence?
Soldiers returned home, having fought in a war for the Americans, knowing that the American Declaration of Independence said that everyone was born equal and had rights which could not be taken away.
What sort of ruler was King Louis XVI
Louis XVI was an absolute ruler who claimed all the power.
Who did Louis think that he got his authority from?
Louis believed that he had his authority from God. He said "The power to make laws only belongs to me"
What proportion of their wages did workers who lived in towns and cities pay for bread in 1788 and in 1789?
In 1788 they spent 50% of their wages on bread. In 1789 they spent 75% of their wages.
Why did Louis XVI call the Estates General?
To win support for his economic reforms and raise money through taxation.
Why did Louis XVI need to raise money?
The King was heavily in debt.
What had caused the King to be in debt?
The King had inherited debts, he spent extensively on the army and navy, fighting Britain and supporting the American war of Independence. The civil service cost a lot of money. The court was extravagant (lavish, spent a lot of money).
What was the date of the previous meeting of the Estates General
The Estates General had met on the 1614 for the last time before Louis summoned them.
What did Louis ask the people being elected to the Estates General to do?
He asked them to draw up a list of grievances and hopes for the future called "Cahiers de doleance"
What did the members of the Third Estate and other disappointed people from the other Estates do, in response to Louis's failure to do anything constructive?
They declared themselves to be a National Assembly.
What is the name of the oath taken by the members of the National Assembly?
It is called the Tennis Court Oath after the room in which they met which would have been used for playing "real" or "royal" tennis.
What did Louis do in response to the National Assembly?
He was forced to agree to their demands. But secretly he began to call up his troops.
What happened in Paris on the 14th July 1789?
The Storming of the Bastille, the prison in Paris.
What or who were the Bourgeoisie?
The Bourgeoisie is the name given to the rich men and women who were members of the Third Estate
What country did Marie Antoinette come from?
Marie Antoinette came from Austria she was the daughter of the Austrian Empress.
Why did women march on Versailles?
The women marched to Versailles because they were furious about the high taxes and the scarcity of bread.
What did Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, their children and servants do on the 20th and 21st June 1791?
They fled from Paris.
Where did Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette try to get to?
They tried to get near to the border with the Austrian Netherlands.
Did Louis and Marie Antoinette succeed in escaping?
No they were recognised from Louis's portrait on a kind of currency and they were captured.
What happened to Louis XVI on the 21st January 1793
He was executed.
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