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First World War Revision
Terms in this set (24)
The Schlieffen Plan
A plan drawn up in 1905 by Germany to attack France by going through Belgium and defeating France rapidly. Russia would then be attacked. It depended upon Belgium being willing to let the forces through and Russia not being ready.
A culture or society which is dominated by the armed forces and the belief that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
An alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy in the years before WWI.
The Great Powers
A group of the most powerful nations in Europe before the First World War it included: Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia and Austro Hungarian Empire.
The Great Power with the largest navy.
Which of the Great Powers had the largest population?
Russia (159 million)
Which of the Great Powers had the smallest population?
France of 39.6 million
Which of the Great Powers had the largest army?
Germany, its army was 4.2 million.
Which of the Great Powers had the largest Empire in terms of population of the colonies?
Great Britain, the population of its colonies was 390 million.
What was the name of the group involved in the assassination of the Arch Duke Ferdinand and his wife Sophie?
The Black Hand
What country did the Black Hand originate from?
The Black Hand came from Serbia and wanted Bosnia to be part of Serbia and independent of Austria Hungary.
What were the main causes of trench foot?
Having permanently wet feet in cold and insanitary conditions. The trenches were often full of water and it was impossible for soldiers to keep their feet dry.
What was the most serious consequence of trench foot?
If untreated trench foot could result in gangrene and amputation of feet and part of the legs.
Approximately how many British Casualties were there on the first day of the Battle of the Somme?
Approximately 60,000 men were killed or injured on the first day of the Battle of the Somme.
Why was the site of the Somme chosen as the battlefield in 1916?
The Somme was chosen as it was the place where the French and the British lines met.
Of the million British men who answered the call to join the army in 1915/ 16, what percentage of them were classed as unfit for service?
As many as 40% were classed as unfit for service.
What were Pals Battalions?
Pals Battalions were made up of groups of friends, or people from the same area of a town or city or from sports and professional organisations who enlisted together.
What was the target for the British forces for the first day of the Battle of the Somme?
The city of Bapaume in France was the British target for the first day of the Battle.
At what point in the Battle did the British reach Bapaume.
The British forces did not reach Bapaume during the Battle. By the end of the Battle they were 6 miles short of it.
Elements of Haig's plan for the Somme.
1) Week long artillery bombardment to destroy German trenches and barbed wire. 2) Foot soldiers to advance followed by the Calvary 3) German lines to be breached along a 20 mile and 4500 yards deep stretch.
How many shells were fired by the British at the German lines, in the initial bombardment?
1,738,000 shells were fired by the British at the Germans.
What percentage of the shells fired by the British in the initial bombardment, failed to explode?
30% of the British shells fired in the initial bombardment, failed to explode.
What was the response of the Germans to the British attack on their lines?
The Germans built further lines (4th, 5th and 6th) behind the ones which the English destroyed.
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