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The Equality Act 2010
Terms in this set (23)
What is the purpose of the Equality Act?
- legally protects individuals in the workplace and wider society
- sets out different ways in which its unlawful to treat someone
- protects s.u receiving care from being treated unfairly, 9 protected characteristics
- brings together 116 pieces of separate legislation
What are the 9 protected characteristics?
- sexual orientation
- gender reassignment
- marriage and civil partnership
- pregnancy and maternity
- religion and belief
What are the six types of discrimination that the Equality Act cover?
- direct discrimination
- indirect discrimination
What is meant by direct discrimination?
treating someone with a protected characteristic less favourably than others
What is meant by indirect discrimination?
putting rules or arrangements in place that apply to everyone but someone with a protected characteristic putting them at an unfair advantage
What is meant by harassment?
unwanted conduct, linked to pc that violates someones dignity or creates an offensive environment for them
What is meant by perception?
treating someone differently because of who they think an individual is
What is meant by association?
if someone in lives e.g. family members is under pc and person is treated unfairly because of this e.g. carers
What is meant by victimisation?
treating someone unfairly because they've complained about discrimination or harassment
In what areas are individuals rights protected under this act?
- goods, facilities and services
- leisure facilities
How can individuals seek redress under the Equality Act?
- organisations own company procedure
- Equality and Human rights commission
- Citizens advice Bureau
- Employment tribunal
What is meant by reasonable adjustments and give an example?
- relates to factors such as cost and practicability of making an adjustment and the resources available to the employer may be relevant in deciding what is reasonable
e.g. employers required to make RA to any elements of job which place disabled person at disadvantage to non-disabled
What are 4 strengths of the Equality Act?
- aims to prevent discrimination
- The law brings together 116 pieces of leg.
- covers 6 types of disc.
- aims to protect all
What are 3 weaknesses of the Equality Act?
- not everyone is aware of act/where or how to seek redress
- can be costly
- discrimination still happens
How is not everyone being aware of the act a weakness?
If individual face discrimination it may continue because they do not know how to take action and so not know how to seek redress
How is it being costly a weakness of the act?
may be costly for organisations to make adequate changes and so still people with disabilities may face being excluded
How is the fact that discrimination still happens a weakness?
-pay gap between men and women, ethnic minorities offer lower paid jobs as individuals hold deep seated predjudice views
How is the fact that the act pulls together 116 pieces of legislation a strength?
- means its accessible to read, understand and implement
How is the fact that the act aims to prevent discrimination an strength?
makes clear expectations of how to act fairly for organisations
How is the fact it covers 6 types of discrimination a strength?
Gives su more protection
how is the fact that it aims to protect all a strength of the act?
- covers groups that were previously underrepresented
When can an employer require a worker of a particular sex?
- if required for reasons of privacy and decency e.g. female cleaner for female changing area
What is positive action?
Where employers seek under represented groups to come and work for them
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