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Cuba: Revolution, Missile Crisis, and Rule of Fidel Castro
Terms in this set (40)
The ______ Amendment gave the USA effective political control over Cuba from ______ to _______.
Platt, 1901, 1925
Before the Cuban Revolution, Americans controlled ___% of Cuba's sugar harvest, ___% of its sugar processing plants, and ___% of its railways.
60, 40, 50
Before the Cuban Revolution, ___% of Cuba's GNP was trade-related.
Farming employed ___% of Cubans under Batista and many of these farmers were seasonally unemployed.
While literacy rates in Havana reached ___% before the Cuban Revolution, in the countryside they reached ___%.
Under Batista, ___% of rural housing was inadequate.
In ______, Castro launched a failed attack on the _______ Barracks.
Eisenhower began an arms embargo against Batista in _______.
In _______, Batista fled Cuba and Castro seized Havana.
In _______, following Castro's ___________ of US-owned industries, an embargo was imposed banning sugar imports from Cuba and food/medical exports to Cuba.
Castro signed a trade agreement with the _______ in _______, promising $______ million worth of sugar.
USSR, 1960, 200
In January of _______, Eisenhower severed relations with Cuba.
In April of ______, the US launched a failed invasion at the Bay of ______ in Cuba.
From 1961-1970, Operation _________ was launched, spending $______ million a year to sabotage Castro's rule.
In January of 1962, Cuba was expelled from the _______.
In 1962, the US had roughly ___ times as many ICBMs and ______ times as many nuclear weapons as the USSR.
In 1961, Kennedy saw a number of humiliations from the USSR, including the failed ______ of Pigs Invasion, the ______ Summit, and the construction of the ______ Wall.
Bay, Vienna, Berlin
General Curtis _______ hoped for war with Cuba by 1962.
According to _______ Historians, the Cuban Missile Crisis was triggered on ________ 5, 1962, when the first Soviet missiles reached Cuba.
According to _______ Historians, the Cuban Missile Crisis was triggered on October ___, 1962, when Kennedy illegally blockaded Cuba and denounced the presence of Soviet missiles on a televised address.
By October 24, 1962, the US had mobilized an invasion force of _______ men to Florida.
On October ____, 1962, two ________ ships carrying missiles changed course.
On October ______, Khrushchev's first letter reached Kennedy, pledging to remove all missiles in exchange for a US pledge to not invade ________.
On October ______, Khrushchev's second letter reached Kennedy, offering missile removal only if the US pledged not to invade Cuba and to remove its ______ missiles from ________.
27, Jupiter, Turkey
The Cuban Missile Crisis ushered in an era of detente, exemplified by the Nuclear ____ Ban Treaty of ______, the establishment of a Moscow-Washington ________ in 1963, and the Nuclear ____________ Treaty of 1968.
Test, 1963, Hotline, Non-proliferation
After the Cuban Missile Crisis, _______ adopted a policy of ______ response, rejecting brinkmanship.
Castro engaged women in local work projects through the ________ of Cuban Women.
Under Castro, women were granted ___ weeks of maternity leave.
Cuba legalized abortion in _______.
The Cuban Literacy Campaign of _____ successfully increased Cuba's literacy rate from ____% to ____%
1960, 80, 96
__________ peasants received land after the _____ Agrarian Reform in Cuba, which confiscated ___% of Cuban farms.
200,000, 1959, 10
By the year 2,000, ____% of Cubans couldn't afford basic expenses.
Through its universal healthcare system, Cuba achieved a lower _______ mortality rate than the US by 1999.
In the 1960s, Castro nationalized ______ small businesses and banned ______________, making Cuba's economy fully socialist.
In the 1970s, Cuba was dependent on __________ nations for over ___% of its food, ___% of fuel, and ___% of machinery.
COMECON, 60, 96, 80
The ratio of Cuba's GDP per capita to that of Latin America fell from _______ in 1950 to _____ in 1995.
Castro's Military Units to Aid Production (________) were used to imprison all "counter-revolutionary" elements in society.
Castro provided the illusion of popular participation through his _______ for the Defense of the Revolution (CDRs), which held no executive power but were tasked with identifying and reporting _______.
Castro imprisoned ________ political dissenters and killed at least ______.
Castro used emigration to cement political stability in Cuba, allowing for a "_________ ________" to be opened whenever opposition to his rule grew harsh.
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