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GCSE (9-1): Religious Studies: Edexcel: Statues and Symbolism
Paper 1: Christianity: Forms of Expression and Ways of Life
Terms in this set (15)
Catechism of the Catholic Church - Sculpture and Statues
" Arising from talent given by the Creator and from man's own effort, art is a form of practical wisdom, uniting knowledge and skill, to give form to the truth of reality in a language accessible to sight or hearing. To the extent that it is inspired by truth and love of beings, art bears a certain likeness to God's activity in what he has created. Like any other human activity, art is not an absolute end in itself, but is ordered to and ennobled by the ultimate end of man." CCC 2501.
Statues and Sculptures
Usually of the Holy family and saints.
Blessed candles used for prayer. Usually placed in front of statues and lit to ask that saint for help.
Worship of idols.
Protestant Churches - idols
They do not have statues/ sculptures or idols due to previous views.
Exodus 20:4-5 - idols
"You must not make for yourself a carved image or a form like anything that is in the heavens above or that is on the earth underneath or that is in the waters under the earth. You must not bow down to them nor be induced to serve them, because I Jehovah your God am a God exacting exclusive devotion, bringing punishment for the error of fathers upon sons, upon the third generation and upon the fourth generation, in the case of those who hate me." Exodus 20:4-5.
Something that represents something else.
Symbol of the cross
Represents Jesus' crucifixion.
Symbol of the crucifix
Later symbol than the cross, has the figure of Jesus on the cross and represents his crucifixion.
Symbol of the Ichthus
Fish. Represents Jesus Christ Son of God, Saviour.
The Four Evangelists
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
Symbol of Matthew
Winged man/ angel - salvation
Symbol of John
Eagle - early Christians believed it could look straight into the sun
Symbol of Mark
Winged lion - courage and monarchy
Symbol of Luke
Winged ox/bull - sacrifice, service & strength
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