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Performance / Design Terminology
Terms in this set (171)
The area between the front curtain and the edge of the stage.
A stage without a frame or arch separating the stage and the audience.
A one-room theatre without a frame or arch with its interior painted completely black.
A piece of improvised action used to establish a character.
The feeling of release felt by the audience at the end of a tragedy having been set free from the emotional hold of the action.
The point of greatest intensity in a series or progression of events.
The moment when the essential plot is explained or unravelled.
The introduction of the theme, the chief characters and current circumstances.
The change of pitch or loudness in a voice.
The implied discrepancy between what is said and what is meant.
The manner of verbal expression which implies a class, profession or type of character.
A style of play which relies heavily on sensationalism and sentimentality, often including a strict view of morality where good trumps evil.
The reason or reasons for a character's actions.
A style of play meant to represent real life on stage faithfully and without artifice.
Proxemics / spatial awareness
The spatial relationships between actors and elements of the set which convey information about character and circumstance.
A style of play which includes the representation of everyday life and beauty as it is or appears to be.
The use of sarcasm, irony and ridicule to expose or attack injustice in society.
A speech in which the actor says the inner thoughts of his or her character aloud.
Characters which represent personality types or common characteristics of human behaviour.
The shaping of dramatic material deliberately in a non-realistic manner.
A distinctive character or quality of a musical or vocal sound apart from its pitch or intensity.
To deliberately draw the audience's attention away from another actor by overacting.
A pattern which is the starting block for a more detailed pattern based on a particular actor's measurements, typically to denote an era or period.
Sewing pieces of fabric together with temporary stiches.
Deliberate process of aging or distressing a costume.
Process of constructing the costume.
The first meeting between an actor and its costume in which the wardrobe staff ensure a correct fit.
A costume check onstage to ensure comfort and its look under the stage lights.
A list or chart with the costumes that a character appears with in each scene.
A person who creates the patterns and is responsible for the construction of female costumes.
Pinning and tucking muslin to a dress form in order to get a desired shape.
A crew member who helps with dressing an actor.
An adjustable male or female torso used by costume cutters, dressmakers and tailors for creating garments.
An assistant to a cutter or tailor who may sew the costume together, assist at fittings, supervise the fitting team and do the finishing details on a costume.
The use of a basic block and cutter's tools in order to draft a pattern on crafting paper.
A transportable costume rail with removable sides which allows easy management of costumes, wigs and shoes.
The way a particular piece of fabric feels when touched.
A model of the set or costume sketch intended for use by the builder as a guide to construction.
A full-scale model of a costume used a test-run.
Plain-woven cotten fabric.
The name of the department and the accommodation they occupy.
Costumes recycled from a previous production for reuse.
A sample piece of fabric or lighting gel.
A ruler with a crosspiece used to create parallel lines.
A person who creates the patterns and is responsible for the construction of male costumes.
Small cutter designed for unpicking a sewn seam.
Lighting bar hung from the auditorium close to the stage.
A small spotlight under 500 watts.
Light coming from upstage or behind scenery or actors in order to separate them from the background.
Metal tube used for hanging lanterns.
A rotatable attachment consisting of two or four metal flaps which is fixed to the front of a Fresnel or PC type lantern to cut off the beam in a particular direction.
Compartmentalised floodlights set up as to allow colour mixing.
The sensation of bodily position, presence or movement.
A lantern with no lens but a parabolic reflector.
Profile lantern with two sets of shutters, one of which produces a hard edge, and one a soft edge.
A lighting cue in which all the lights turn off simultaneously.
Increase light levels.
A connected circuit in a lighting system.
Decrease light levels.
Means by which lanterns can be identified and connected to a dimmer.
A colored plastic sheet used for producing color in light.
Used to attach lanterns to bars.
Colour filter / colour gel
A sheet of plastic usually composed of a coloured resin sandwiched between two clear pieces. The coloured filter absorbs all the colours of light except the colour of the filter itself, which it allows through.
Combining the effects of two or more lighting gels.
A light from directly above the acting area.
Method of testing lanterns.
Floats / footlights
A row of lights along the front of the stage positioned at the level of the actors' feet.
To wash the stage with general lighting.
When adjustment and plotting is done.
Adjustable spotlight giving a diffused light.
Metal slide placed in the gate of a lantern which throws a pattern.
Floodlight battens placed on stage.
The gas contained in lanterns.
The warning shouted if anything is dropped from above.
Device in a lantern which allows the beam size to be altered.
A term used to describe when the set is created entirely by means of lighting.
A thick cable containing many different cables.
A type of lantern containing a fixed beam per lamp.
A lens in a lantern.
Panel where lighting circuits are connected and changed.
Lighting position concealed behind proscenium.
Lantern which can produce hard or soft light.
Any list of cues.
The master copy of the performance which includes any lighting, blocking, effects and cues.
Plotting a lighting cue by saving it to the lighting board.
A shiny surface in the back in the lantern which helps throw light.
Fixing lighting, sound and scenic devices to the theatre structure.
Lighting rig at full capacity.
Low level light cast at side of normal light beam.
Low side lights.
Device used in lantern to shape beam.
Distance between lantern and an object on stage.
Thick bundle of cables from lighting bar.
Side lighting position in auditorium walls.
Cloth flown in at the end of an act.
Flown cloth behind scenic element.
Length of wood attached to cloth to keep it taut.
A hinged flat.
Flown scenic element used in masking.
A set with three walls and a ceiling leaving the fourth wall to be imagined by the actors.
Portable support for flats.
Tabs fixed at top and drawn in from sides.
Metal device used for tying sash lines.
System for raising and lowering scenery.
Scenic piece with no centre.
A fabric drop hung from a curved or segmented batten, or a curved wall at the back of the stage, upon which light can be cast to create effects.
Marked position of scenery or equipment.
Area at side or rear of the stage in order to store scenery.
Electrical multiple unit, used to describe stage machinery composed from multiple moving parts.
A decorative proscenium arch.
Installation of equipment and scenery.
A wooden frame used to create separations on stage.
Area above stage where flown scenery is kept.
Painted canvas flooring.
To steady a ladder or flat with your foot.
Crew member operating flying equipment.
Structure above the stage containing flying equipment.
Collapsible brace fixed to flat.
Sticky back fabric tape.
A mechanised trap where performer shoots through stage floor.
Get in / get out
When a touring company installs and uninstalls a show.
Body length trapdoor in the stage.
Metal frames in the flying tower for holding flying equipment.
Technical drawing of the stage.
Horizontal flying piece.
Abrasive rope used for flying.
Method of flying using three or five hemp ropes and no counterweights.
Fireproof metal curtain.
Framework in the shape of a ladder.
Flown cloth or flat masking the sides of the stage.
Temporary lines or objects on the rehearsal floor used to mark the set.
A model of the theatre in which stage design model is housed.
Type of modelling plastic used to create model figures and model scenery.
An elevated surface for the actors to walk on.
A hinge jointed by a removable pin.
The position of props and scenery before the beginning of a scene.
Bombs, flashes, bangs etc.
Used to hold down carpet edges.
A drop made of fabric that seems almost opaque when lit from the front but semi-transparent when lit from behind.
Nail something to the floor.
Extending support for scenery.
A mechanised trap where an actor shoots through the stage floor.
Lighting / scenic metal section made from three lengths of lightweight alloy.
Condensor / dynamic
Types of microphones.
Heart-shaped pick up pattern of a microphone.
The reproduction of sound from one copy to another.
When a microphone picks up its own sound from a speaker.
Sound sent to the performer.
Microphone's lined up at the front of the stage.
The number of times a sound vibrates.
Radio mic fitting.
Intensity of sound.
Lever or slider which controls all sound and lights.
Pick up pattern of a microphone.
The music which starts a musical performance.
The system which addresses the public or the audience.
Pre-fade listen: listening to a mic channel without bringing up the fader.
The particular tune of an instrument or voice.
To move sound between speakers.
Personal microphone without a power lead.
Functional sound effects
The practical sounds. For example, a gunshot or the slamming of a door.
Atmospheric sound effects
The background sounds. For example, a soundscape or an underscore.
Incidental sound effects.
Where sound is used to cover moments of transition.
Pressure zone microphone: collects reflections of sound into a smaller condenser microphone.
The input level of a sound used for adjustment.
Instruction to record the position of a performer or object on stage.
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