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Terms in this set (40)
What years was medieval medicine?
Who was Hippocrates?
An ancient Greek physician
What theory did Hippocrates come up with?
The theory of the four humours
What did the theory of the four humours say?
If one humour became unbalanced then a person would become will
What were the four humours?
Blood , phlegm , yellow bile and black bile
What is the Hippocratic oath?
This said that a doctor should promise to do everything in their power to prevent death of a patient
What did Hippocrates emphasised the need for?
Careful observations and recording of patients symptoms
Hippocrates said a change in what was the best preventian for an illness?
A change in diet , exercise and rest
What years was Hippocrates?
What years was Galen?
What theory did Galen come up with?
The theory of opposites
What did the theory of opposites say?
If one humour was out of balance you had to balance it by eating foods with opposite qualities
Who's work did Galen build on?
What played a massive role in Galens findings?
How did Galen obtain most of his knowledge?
Why did Galen dissect pigs and not humans?
The church made it illegal to dissect humans
What humans could Galen disect?
If Galen dissected a criminal and something went against his ideas what did he say?
They were different because they sinned
What did Galen say about the heart?
It had holes in it
What did Galen say about the lungs?
They had two loops in them
How did the church treat an illness?
- healing prayers
- praying in a special mass
- going on a pilgrimage
What was the histological explanations for illness?
The alignment of the planets was wrong
What chart did physicians consult when diagnosing illness?
What is purging?
Making someone sick so they will be better
What did people bathe in when ill?
Various plants, herbs and oils in water
What were herbal remedies used for?
To balance the four humours
How were herbal remedies consumed?
Drunk , sniffed or breathed in
Who carried out blood lettings?
Surgeons , barbers or wise women
What was the most common treatment of illness?
What type of poisoning did people get from public fountains?
What was used to improve public health?
Public toilets and sewers
When was the Black Death?
What were the cures of the Black Death?
- sweet smelling herbs
- following the movement of planets
- asking for forgiveness
- bleeding/ purging
- punishing Jews
What were the causes of the Black Death?
- 4 humours
Who were sick people treated by at home?
How many people died due to the Black Death?
1/3 of England
How was the Black Death brought to England?
By fleas catching illnesses off rats on trade ships
30% of hospitals were run by who?
What would victims develop if they had the Black Death?
A fever , buboes , spasms and they would vomit
What is the prevention for the Black Death?
Quarantine , running away and praying to god
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