AC1.1 Glossary

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Terms in this set (27)
State crimeThis category of crime describes activities carried out by, or by order of, the state.Examples of state crimeExamples include genocide, police brutality, torture of prisoners, imprisonment without trial, war crimes.atrocityA horrific and, usually, violent act.Technological CrimeThis category of crime describes crime which is committed using information and communication technology (ICT) such as the internet, social media or other technologies.Examples of technological crimeExamples include phishing, trolling, cyber-trespass (hacking accounts or releasing viruses), identity theft, hate crimes, illegal downloading of copyrighted material such as music or videos, online grooming, publishing or viewing child pornography.PhishingA scam or an attempt to persuade someone to give our personal information, such as bank account numbers, passwords and credit card details.CatfishingThe act of creating a fake identity online and using it to lure people into a relationship.Online groomingWhen someone uses the internet to trick, force or pressure a young person into doing something sexual - like sending a naked video or image of themselves.TrollingThe act of leaving an insulting message on the internet in order to annoy someone.Individual CrimeIn the WJEC diploma, this includes the unreported 'crimes against the person' of hate crimes, honour crimes and domestic abuse.hate crimeA crime where the perpetrator is perceived to be motivated by hatred of the victim because of the victim's disability, race, religion, sexual orientation or transgender identity (protected characteristics).Protected CharacteristicsIndividual attributes that are protected under the Equality Act 2010.Honour crimeA crime which involves violence committed to defend the supposed honour of a family or community. The violence is directed against the person deemed to have brought shame upon the family.Examples of hate crimeExamples include verbal abuse, intimidation, threats, harassment, assault, bullying and damage to property, due to the victims' personal characteristics such as sexual orientation or race.Examples of honour crimeExamples include threatening behaviour, assault, wounding, burning, acid attacks, disfigurement, abduction, rape and honour killings.domestic abuseThe use of violence, verbal abuse or threatening behaviour against a partner, ex- partner of family member.Examples of domestic abuseExamples include physical and sexual assaults and rape, financial abuse, emotional and psychological abuse, coercive behaviour, controlling behaviour.

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