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Russia test 5 - 1917 revolution
Terms in this set (30)
Rodzianko had warned Nicholas early in 1917 that "very serious outbreaks of unrest" were imminent. What was Rodzianko's position in the government?
chairman of Duma
Which group of workers began the full-scale strike which occurred in Petrograd?
Name two other groups of protestors that joined these workers over the following days.
women and army
How did General Khabalov, commander of the Petrograd garrison respond to the crisis?
sent forces to combat the risings
How did Nicholas react when the Duma informed him that major political concessions were needed? What did the Duma then do?
he closed the dumas but they stayed open anyway and held a meeting
The Petrograd Soviet was established at this time. Whose interests did it serve?
the workers and army
When did Nicholas formally abdicate?
march 15 1917
Who did Nicholas want to succeed him? Who did he nominate?
he wanted alexei to succeed him eventually, nominated his brother
Give three reasons why the February revolution was successful
middle class was involved, it was united and organised, the tsar was overthrown
How significant were the Bolsheviks to this success? Explain.
no very as did not lead strikes or take a huge leadership role
Explain what Trotsky meant when he said, "It would be no exaggeration to say that Petrograd achieved the February Revolution".
they managed to get rid of the Tsars and had a provisional government
What is the period between the two 1917 revolutions known as? Why?
Why was the Provisional Government known by this name?
it was only temporary and would come up with russias next political system and then democracy would choose the leaders
Name the two leaders of the Provisional Government.
Give one strength and one weakness in the position of the Provisional Government.
they were members voted into the duma, they had no real power
Give one strength and one weakness in the position of the Petrograd Soviet
they were not official or voted into power, they had lots of influence over cities and workers
What did the Petrograd Soviet's Order Number 1 state?
places the military under the soviet control and that they would only follow the duma in cases that did not conflict with orders of the soviet. The prov gov could only carry out its decisions if the soviets agreed
The Provisional Government delayed in making a decision about the Constituent Assembly. What was the Constituent Assembly?
an elected assembly who would run russia
What two major issues did the Provisional Government have to deal with? How were these issues linked?
redemption payments, new political system
- they were both neccesary if they were to keep power and avoid being overthrown
Name two other changes introduced by the Provisional Government.
they abolished the Okhrana and removed the tsarist governors and also allowed freedom of speech i
Which nation's government arranged for Lenin to return to Russia at this time? Why did they do this and where had Lenin been?
finland and germany, he was in switzerland and they wanted to undermine the war effort
What was the April Thesis and what ideas did it contain?
it was published by lenin and stated all power to the soviet
What were Lenin's two famous slogans?
"peace, bread, land" and "power to the soviets"
What were the July Days and how were the Bolsheviks affected by them?
the army and workers began to protest using bolshevik slogans but Lenin wanted to wait and see what happened so they didn't get involved
But then because of that a lot of people died
So then the bolshevik lost influence because they were blamed for the bloodshed and Lenin was called a Germany spy and trotsky was arrested
What was the Kornilov Affair and how did the Bolsheviks benefit from it?
kornilov attempted a coup, it gained the bolsheviks trust as kerensky let pout leading bolsheviks from prison to stop the coup
Which two leading Bolsheviks were against Lenin's plans to seize . power and temporarily left the party over this issue?
zinoniev + kamanev
Give three reasons why Trotsky was so important to the success of the October Revolution.
controlled the army, gathered people and their support, was a smart military mind and had good tactics
How many days did it take for Petrograd to fall under Bolshevik control?
What key points were seized during the 'storming' of the capital?
transport, factories, railways
Why was there so little fighting during the October Revolution?
the provisional government was already on its knees so they couldn't fight back so there was no bloodshed and no fighting
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