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General reproductive passmed
Terms in this set (117)
The scrotum is drained by the which lymph nodes?
Why does anaemia occur in pregnancy?
In the menstrual cycle, body temperature rises following what?
first-line treatment for urge incontinence
first-line treatment for stress incontinence
pelvic floor muscle training
What directly causes ovulation?
The most common breast lumps in women aged 15-25
Cervical smear samples are tested for X as the first step
This ligament runs from the uterine fundus to the labia majora. It is found within the broad ligament.
This ligament runs from the ovaries to the uterus.
This runs from the cervix and posterior vaginal dome to the sacrum.
This ligament contains the uterine vessels and runs from the cervix to the lateral pelvic wall.
This ligament contains the ovaries and the fallopian tubes
Women should be encouraged to take how much folic acid OD 3 months before conception up to 12 weeks gestation
Why vitamin is found in liver-based products and is tetarogenic?
Pregnant women should avoid all types of pâté, including vegetable pâtés, as they can contain X
HCG peaks at around
The uterine muscle stimulant produced by the hypothalamus and released by the posterior pituitary.
This is produced by the chorion and increases ATP production for the foetus by mobilising free fatty acid stores in maternal adipose.
Human placental lactogen
This stimulates the growth of the myometrium needed for strong uterine musculature during labour.
It also promotes the formation of the mucus plug in the cervical canal
Plasma urea and creatinine decreased in pregnancy due to
Increased renal perfusion
CA-125 is the tumour marker for
CA19-9 is a tumour marker for
CEA is a tumour marker for
The presence of endometrium in the myometrium.
It involves the introduction of a spinal needle through the vaginal wall into the peritoneal space of the pouch of Douglas.
An obstetric maneuver that involves pushing back the delivered fetal head into the birth canal in anticipation of performing a cesarean section in cases of shoulder dystocia.
The breast is innervated by branches of intercostal nerves from
stimulates milk contraction by triggering contraction of the myoepithelial cells of the alveoli of the mammary glands
X is located in the anterior horn of S2 and is the origin of neurones to the external urethral sphincter.
A large-for-dates uterus is highly indicative for
What would a blood test show in a molar pregnancy?
bell clapper deformity is a patent processus vaginalis which predisposes to which condition?
Varicose veins in the scrotum
left renal vein becomes compressed in between the SMA and the aorta, resulting in a varicocele
Maternal age, high parity, the onset of clinical shock and (most importantly) a tender, hard uterus on examination.
Maternal production of IgG antibodies against fetal RBCs
Haemolytic Disease of the Newborn/
The testes drain to the
para-aortic lymph nodes/
Lymph drains from here into the pararectal and inferior mesenteric lymph nodes.
Prostate drains to which lymph nodes
Internal iliac lymph nodes/
Glans penis drains into
inguinal lymph nodes/
Water under the bridge
ureters pass under the uterine artery and the vas deferens/
u under u and vd
Which hormone is responsible for lower BP in pregnancy?
What condition may women with pre-eclampsia develop?
H in HELLP
EL in HELLP
Elevated liver enzymes
LP in HELLP
Anastrozole and letrozole are X that reduces peripheral oestrogen synthesis
Dichorionic diamniotic pregnancies have 2 placentas and 2 amniotic sacs and result from division between X dyas
Monochorionic diamniotic twins result from division between X days after fertilization.
Monochorionic monoamniotic twins share a common chorion, a common amniotic cavity, and a single placenta. Zygote splits between which days?
X in breastmilk promotes rapid absorption of iron
Which part of the cervix has stratified squamous non-keratinized epithelium
Which part of the cervix has mucus-secreting simple columnar epithelium
Increased depth of breathing in pregnancy caused by
Most common cause of breast abscess in lactating women
What muscles does the breast lie over?
Pectoralis major and serratus anterior/
PA and SA/
SA and PA
potential complications of gestational diabetes
Macrosomia, should dystocia, polyhydramnios/
M, SD, PH/
SD, M, PH/
PH, M ,SD/
M, PH, SD/
SD, PH, M/
PH, SD, M
Most common cause of PPH
It usually occurs during pregnancy, when your pelvic joints become stiff or move unevenly. More common than slipped discs in pregnancy
Symphysis pubis dysfunction/
the definitive treatment of HELLP syndrome
These tumours contain Walthard cell rests that have a 'coffee bean' nuclei.
This cyst would be lined with mucous-secreting epithelium.
This tumour would contain irregular mucous-secreting epithelium.
lined with ciliated cells, it would not contain psammoma bodies.
Psammoma bodies are seen in X
The most common cause of neonatal sepsis
A woman with 3 risk factors should be started on X from 28 weeks - 6 weeks postnatal.
A woman with >3 risk factors should be started on X immediately until 6 weeks postnatal
Fibroids causing difficulty conceiving are likely to be in which layer of uterus?
Two common causes of PID
G and C/
C and G
Risk of metastasis to the contralateral breast is a classical feature of
Invasive lobular carcinoma/
Up to what stage of oogenesis do cells develop in utero?
preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is a major risk factor for which infection?
Smoking is protective against which kind of cancer?
X is associated with highly elevated serum levels of human chorionic gonadotropin
The agent of choice to correct hypertension during pregnancy according to NICE guidelines.
Granulosa cells secrete
Increased risk of stroke is seen with this contraceptive
Oral contraceptive guided by
emergency contraceptive pill within 3 days
emergency contraceptive pill within 5 days
the only well-established cause of a folate deficiency
It is useful for the prevention of tonic-clonic seizures and focal seizures, but not absence seizures
Rhesus disease is classically associated with X, a type of Haemolytic Disease of the Newborn.
typically results in normogonadotropic normoestrogenic anovulation
What is the main mechanism of action of the combined oral contraceptive pill?
Inhibition of ovulation/
Turner's syndrome and Klinefelters are described as
Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome (adhesions of liver to peritoneum) is associated with this condition.
vague pelvic pain, deep dyspareunia and pain on defecation.
The uterus is normally positioned x and y in the majority of women.
Anteverted and anteflexed/
av and af
HRT reduces risk of endometrial cancer but increases risk of
Treatment of high BP in pre-eclampsia
Some Damn Englishman Called It The Testis
Asymmetrical small for gestational age is associated with
Prolonged neonatal jaundice can be caused by which natural event?
A selective progesterone receptor modulator, brand name ellaOne
molar pregnancy can lead to X, a potential complication of this.
a condition in women that results in excessive growth of dark or coarse hair in a male-like pattern — face, chest and back
The most effective form of contraception (excluding abstinence) is the
In early pregnancy, hCG is secreted by X to stimulate corpus luteum to secrete progesterone
Contains Call-Exner bodies
Granulosa cell tumour/
On fertilisation of the egg, the sperm stimulates the release of which substance to prevent polyspermy?
Calcium released by the sperm inactive which receptor in the zona pellucida which binds sperm at the beginning of fertilization?
Breast milk has inadequate levels of vitamin
Yolk sac tumor
Where in the fallopian tube does fertilisation generally take place during natural conception?
Which type of receptor is found on the theca?
The development of the X marks the transformation of the primordial follicle to a primary follicle.
Mature/Graafian follicles marked by the development of the
Pre-antral follicles- marked by the development of the
The testicular artery is a branch of the
COCP increased risk of
breast and cervical cancer/
b and cc/
c and bc
COCP decreased risk of
ovarian and endometrial cancer/
o and ec/
e and oc
lack of vaginal oestrogen leading to infection-prone alkaline environment
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