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Farm animal welfare legislation
Terms in this set (25)
farm animal legislation;
What can the UK do after BREXIT?
what does the legislation do?
• EU legislation from EU parliament (directive regulation)
• Level standards for trade across EU
• UK can make its own changes to animal welfare legislation after Brexit
• Concerns that create downward pressure to compete in global markets
• Concern forced to accept lower standard welfare products imported as part of trade deal with non-EU countries
• Safeguard animal welfare
• Minimum standards
• Balanced against farmers ability to produce food profitable and competitively in a global market
What is some farm animal legislation:
On farm: Animal welfare Act 2006 (UK only), Welfare of farm animals' regulations 2007, Mutilations permitted Procedures: Welfare of animals during transport order 2006 (EU council regulation (EC 1/2005)
Market: Welfare of animals at market
Slaughter: Welfare of animals at time of killing 2013 (public health)
Animal welfare act 2006:
who does it apply to?
what does it do?
what is the duty of the owners?
• Not EU legislation
• Does apply to farm animals
• Prevent unnecessary suffering
• Duty of care of owners to ensure welfare of their animals with the five freedoms in mind
- For a suitable environment
- For a suitable diet
- Exhibit normal behaviour patterns
- House with or apart from animals
- Protected from pain, injury, suffering and disease
what is main farm welfare legislation?
Welfare of farmed animals' regulations 2007
Welfare of farmed animals' regulations 2007:
what is the requirement of the owners?
how do requirements differ?
who can enforce this regulation?
• All farmed species
• General requirement that owners and keepers shall take all reasonable steps to ensure
- The welfare of animals under their care
- That animals are not caused unnecessary pain and unnecessary suffering
• Specific requirements for each species
• Enforcements: animal plant health agency, local authority trading standards
what are the general requirements that owners do under the farmed animals' regulations 2007?
• Staff- trained and competent
• Frequency of inspection
• Bedding well maintained, dry and well drained lying area
• Ill, injured animals treated without delay; vet advice sought
• Record keeping of mortality / medicines
• Freedom of movement
• Buildings equipment clean- not cause injury
• Feed and water
• Breeding practices
welfare of farmed animal regulations 2007"
• separate additional schedules for each species
• laying hens, other poultry, calves, cattle, pigs, rabbits
• updated as EU/UK legislation changes
what do welfare codes do?
• Code of recommendations for the keeping of livestock
• Guidance on maintaining high standards of husbandry
• Set out legal standards
• Failure to comply can be used as back up prosecution
• Welfare regulations
• Tagging regulations
• Movements all specifies
• Disease control
farm animal mutilations:
banned under what?
what is permitted under what act?
what are other aspects also regulated by?
• Banned under animal welfare act
• Castrations, spaying, dehorning, disbudding allowed under mutilations permitted procedures act 2007
• Other aspects also regulated under veterinary surgeons act
when do they require anaesthetic?
when can rubber rings be used?
when must be done by a vet?
how do you do under 2 months?
• Calves over 2 months require anaesthetic
• Rubber rings 1st week life only
• Over 2 months must be done by vet
• Under 2 months trained competent person using a bloodless castrator
when can you use dehorning paste?
• All ages local anaesthetic
• Dehorning paste < 1 week
• Suitable trained and competent person
Castration/tail docking in sheep:
when can you use rubber rings?
• Sheep over 3 months require anaesthetic plus vet
• Rubber rings only in first week
Transport of livestock:
what has the BVA said?
• Slaughter, markets and other farms
• Transport mainly by road but also rail, sea, air
• Number of time transported and conditions experienced relate to species and production system
• International trade in animals
• Liver export for slaughter (abroad)
• "animals should be slaughtered as close to their farms of origin as possible" - british veterinary association
• Transport of calves for veal production abroad
what legislation is there for transport?
welfare transport order 2006
welfare transport order:
• Regulation compulsory across EU
• Level playing field
• All vertebrae animals transported in connection with an economic activity -not just farm animals
• UK enforcement by local authority trading standards but AHPA, police can also be involved
• All animals except pets accompanying owner on private journey
welfare transport order:
what does it say?
what needs to be suitable?
What does the driver need?
• General provisions
• Journey is properly planned and time is kept to a minimum and the animals are checked and their needs are met during the journey
• Animals are fit to travel vehicle loading and unloading facilities are suitable
• Those handling the animals are trained and competent - don't use violence or any methods likely to cause injury, suffering or unnecessary fear
• Water, feed and rest are given to the animals as needed, and sufficient floor space and height is allowed
• Certificate of competence of the driver
• Vehicle design
• Specific requirements for each species and also according to length of journey
Advice on fitness to travel?
when can't you transport animals?
• Owners decision
• Can't transport animals:
• That are ill or injured
- Minor injury (not likely to worsen during journey)
- Can bear weight on all legs
- Can walk unaided on to the transporter
- For emergency veterinary treatment
• Contact OV at abattoir to discuss
Fitness to travel advice on:
dogs and cats age?
lactating animals to be?
• Pregnant - not in last 10% of normal gestation
• Lactating animals to be milked every 12 hours
• Not young animals over 100km - pigs 3wks, lambs 1 wk, calves 10 days
• Not dogs and cats under 8 wks unless with mother
• Calves under 14 days cannot be transported for more than 8 hours
• Lactating animals to be milked every 12 hours
what does transportation impose?
what are some specific issues?
what are some problems?
what does legislative control aim to do?
• Transportation imposes multiple stressors on animals and may compromise all Five Freedoms
• Specific issues include heat and cold stress, motion, food and water withdrawal, injury and fear at loading and unloading
• Some problems are species-specific
• Legislative control aims to improve animal welfare in transport by limiting journey times, improving vehicle design, defining rest intervals and use of trained personnel
where can you access welfare legislation?
Describe the roles and responsibilities of the vet profession in animal welfare legislation?
• RCVS require this
• Advise your clients
• Professional witness
• Expert witness
• Enforcement authority: Animal health plant agency, Meat hygiene service
• Policy development (Defra, or welfare organisation)
what are the enforcement powers under animal welfare act 2006?
what's the common informers act?
who has formal powers of enforcement?
Enforcement powers under animal welfare Act 2006
•Common Informer's Act- anyone can bring a prosecution under this legislation
•Formal Powers of Enforcement, Animal Health Plant Agency , Local Authority Officers (Trading Standards), Police
What powers do the RSPCA or welfare charities have?
RSPCA: domestic and companion what may they require assistance from?
o No Formal Powers if want to seize, enter or search premises, they need the owner's consent. If no consent need to be accompanied by one of above
•Animal Health Plant Agency and Local Authority Farmed Animals• RSPCA : Domestic and Companion - may require assistance from police, or local authority (if want to seize, enter or search premises)
what powers do you have under the animal welfare act 2006 if an animal is in distress?
-Taking possession of animals- if suffering/likely to suffer if circumstances do not change, with veterinary certificate or without if reasonable in the circumstances- can include dependent offspring can care for where found or at other appropriate place- powers of entry to search for protected animals
-Destruction of animals
-By inspector/constable with veterinary certificate, or without veterinary certificate if reasonable in the circumstances
-Seizure of animals involved in fighting
-Entry and search under warrant/for arrest
-Inspection in connection with licences/registration: compliance, records
-Inspection of farm premises
What are the post conviction powers in animal welfare? (5)
-Imprisonment or fine- Term up to 5 years, max £20,000 fine
-Deprivation orders- Animals removed
-Disqualification orders- Owning or keeping animals
-Seizure orders where disqualification breached
-Termination /variation of disqualification - court decides, appeals also allowed
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