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Government and politics of China - wk 2 readings - Mao Zedong - report of an investigation of a peasant movement in Hunan - 1927
Terms in this set (14)
What were the two periods of Hunans peasant movement?
July - Sept - revolutionary army was driving out Chao Keng-Xi - only 300,000 peasant associations not much struggle
Oct- Jan - more revolutionary - jumped to 2m members and 10m masses were involved
Who were the main targets of attack by the peasants?
local tyrants , evil gentry and lawless landlords
They also attacked patriarchal ideas and institutions, corrupt officials and bad customs
What did Mao believe was the real objective of the national revolution?
to overthrow feudal forces
One group of people say peasant associations are necessary but go too far
How did peasants attack the local gentry?
What was Mao's opinion on this?
they fined them , demanded contributions and smashed their sedan chairs
slaughtered their pigs and consumed their grain
at the slightest provocation they made arrests and paraded them
( this created terror and gone too far but Mao argues the local gentry drove them to this)
Says without using the greatest force, the peasants cant overthrow the deep-rooted authority of landlords
Who do the right wing kuomindang say the peasant movement is made up of?
made up of lazy peasants - say its ok to have a movement but the people moving it are bad
What are the three different kind of peasants and what are the different views each group hold?
Rich - liked the mvmnt bc of talk about northern expeditionary army defeating Chiang Kai Shek - However, they didnt see need for association as they didnt struggle
They ended up joining the associations as they were threatened to but they were inactive members
Middle - thought revolution wouldn't bring much good
Poor - main force for mvmnt - aren't afraid to lose anything - leadership by the poor was necessary
How did the peasant associations hit landlords politically?
They checked their accounts - gentry and tyrants often helped themselves to money and their books arent in order
tf they worked out fines which amount to so muhc that they lose face
How did the peasant associations hit landlords economically?
prohibiyed sending grain out of area
forced grain prices up
prohibited increasing rents and deposits and cancelling tenancies
What were the old organs of power that were overthrown?
the Tu and Tuan
The tu had jurisdiction over a pop of 10 - 50,000, had its own armed forces and own fiscal and judicial powers
How did they overthrow the armed forces?
took over them and reorganised into a standing household militia
placed them under new organs of rural self-gov
How did they overthrow political power of the country magistrates and bailiffs?
magistrates had to consult to peasants on everything in advance
Had more democratic council meetings
How did they overthrow clan authority of ancestral temples and clan elders and religious authority?
no one dared practice cruel punishments that used to be inflicted at ancestral temples such as flogging drowining and burying alive
poor and women are no longer banned from banquets
peasants advocate the appropriation of temple property in order to start peasant schools
younger peasants don't believe in gods
How did they spread political propaganda?
- political slogans were popularised = ' down with corrupt officials'
- peasant bans and prohibitions = gaming, gambling, opium smoking , sedan chairs, feasts
- eliminated banditry as due to the volume of peasant association members bandits have nowhere to hide
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