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CAA Drone Theory Test
Terms in this set (61)
Responsible for flying safely and legally whenever you fly
Responsible for the drone and anyone they to fly it
the types of flying you do with the drone are called operations
categories of operations
Open A1 and A3
Open A1 and A3
Basic, low-risk flying
More risk than A1 and A3
High-risk, complex flying
Passing the CAA drone theory test allows you to fly in which categories?
Open A1 and A3
What are the drone / model aircraft classes
C0 to C4
What is the purpose of the CAA drone flyer ID?
-Educate you in flying safely to make sure that you never put people in danger
-Helping you know what to do if something goes wrong
How far away can the drone be from you whilst you are flying it?
You must have direct sight of the drone at all times. You must be able to see the drone without using binoculars or any kind of equipment (normal glasses are fine)
Can someone else who can see the drone help you when flying it?
You can ask someone to be your observer when you fly. However they must be next to you and be able to talk to you at all times.
Does an observer need a flyer ID?
No an observer does not need a flyer ID- you are still responsible for flying the drone. You should tell them what to look out for if they are helping you fly.
What is the maximum height above ground you are allowed to fly?
What other aircraft should you look out for that may also be flying below 120m
Other small aircraft and drones, air ambulances and police helicopters
How close are you allowed to get to people not involved in what you are doing?
there is a 50m no-fly zone around any people (never fly over people even if it is more than 50m)
How close are you allowed to get to people who are involved in what you are doing?
You are allowed to fly closer than 50m to people involved in what you're doing but you must never put anyone in danger
What are the rules regarding distancing from people for small aircraft/drones under 250g or in class C0
You can fly closer to people than 50m and you can fly over them
What are the rules regarding distancing from people for small aircraft/drones between 250g and 500g or in class C1
You can fly closer to people than 50m but you cannot intentionally fly over them
When might you need to increase the distance from people in order to keep the flight safe?
- flying at high speeds
- poor weather conditions
- if you are flying higher (keep same distance as height of flight away from people)
Can you fly over crowds of people? Give some examples where crowds would be expected
Never fly over crowds of people e.g at:
-music festivals and concerts
-marches and rallies
-at a crowded beach or park
-parties, carnivals and fêtes
How close can you fly to buildings (residential, recreational, commercial and industrial areas)
What types of drones can you fly in residential, recreational, commercial and industrial areas
drones lighter than 250g or C0 or C1 (these are usually drones that are classed as toys)
Give examples of residential areas
cities and towns
Give examples of recreational areas
beaches and parks
Give examples of commercial areas include
Give examples of industrial areas
rail and transport hubs
How close can you fly to an airport?
Most airports and airfields have a flight restruction zone. The droneSafe website gives details of airfield restrictions.
What hazards should you check for before flying?
-animals and wildlife
What places might have a restricted airspace
prisons, military ranges, royal palaces, government buildings
Where should you check to find any local byelaws about flying restrictions?
look out for signs and information and contact details where you can find out more, byelaws are unlikely to be on apps or drone websites.
What types of tall structures should you look out for?
Where are some useful places to check for restrictions and hazards?
-NOTAMS (drone apps or the NATS drone website)
-Aeronautical information publication
What could be one benefit of becoming a member of a club or association?
You might get additional flying authorisation from being part of a club
what should you know about your drone's flying capability before you fly?
- how far drone can be before it loses signal
- how long it can fly before running out of battery/fuel
- maximum flying height
- if there is a return to home function
Are you allowed to modify a drone?
You can mpdify a drone - although if you modify a drone it no longer is classed the same - if it was categorised in a particular class then it will now be classed by weight and not its original class no matter what modification has been made. (if you replace parts and do not want to change the class they must be parts specified by the manufacturer)
What should you check before a flight?
- Check fuel/battery levels in the aircraft and the controller
- make sure software is up to date
Why is it important to keep your software up to date?
- protect against cyber attacks
- software controls important navigation flying controls which could include
- how drone uses power
- how it knows its position
-how it lands if there is a problem
-may also include latest information on flight restriction zones
What does MTOM stand for?
Maximum take off mass.
The max safe weight your drone can take off and fly with.
What cargo should you never carry on your drone?
never carry anything dangerous to people such as
-poisonous or corrosive things like bleach
What weather conditions could affect your flight?
- Strong winds - wind at ground level can be very different to wind at height
- rain/ snow
- glare from the sun may make the drone difficult to see and standing in the sun could affect your ability to concentrate
In which conditions (of your health) should you not fly your drone?
- do not drink and fly
- do not fly under the the influence of drugs / medicine
- do not fly tired or unwell
- do not fly while distracted
Give some examples of activities which could cause a distraction to you while driving
- riding a bicycle
- flying more than one drone at a time
-messaging or making a phone call
Do not fly while you could be distracted
What should you do if the conditions change while you are flying and you think it might not be safe to fly your drone anymore?
Always be ready to land your drone or model aircraft or reduce your flying height and wait until it is safe to fly again.
What should you do if a low flying aircraft appears in the area you are flying?
Land your drone or model aircraft, or hover at a low level well out of the way, and wait until it's safe to continue with your flight. If it appears the aircraft is attempting to land, you should land your drone or model aircraft immediately.
What sort of incidents should be reported?
An incident or near miss includes anything that did or could:
put people in danger
cause damage to property, buildings, equipment or aircraft
If an incident occurs who should this be reported to?
the Civil Aviation Authority
What should you do if see someone using a drone in a suspicious or dangerous way?
Call your local police on 101
if it's at an airport call airport security
What should you do if your drone crashes on private property?
If you make a forced landing or crash on private property, you must get the property owner's permission before retrieving your drone or model aircraft.
When MUST you have third party liability insurance for flying your drone?
If your drone or model aircraft is 20kg or more, you must always have third party insurance, no matter what you use your aircraft for.
Why might you want to consider getting third party liability insurance if you only fly drones under 20kg and for fun/recreation/sport or as a hobby?
Although insurance is optional if you only fly for fun, recreation, sport, or as a hobby, remember you're responsible for your actions. You could be held personally liable for any injury or damage you cause, so you may want to consider getting third party liability insurance.
When might you risk breaking data protection laws?
If your drone has a camera / listening device and you fly in an area where people can expect privacy (like in their home/garden)
What measures can you take to help reduce the risk of invading privacy?
- make sure you can be clearly seen when you're out flying
- make sure you know what your camera can do (how much zoom and detail it captures)
- Let people know before you start recording
- think about who could see your images. Do not share anything that could be unfair or harmful to anyone.
- keep photos stored securely and delete anything you don't need
How long does the Flyer ID last?
operator is responsible for...
- Maintain the drone and keep any software up to date
- Make sure that anyone who flies it has a flyer ID
- label all drones with your operator ID
- Keep your operator ID
Can you use the same operator ID for every aircraft?
What things should the operator tell anyone flying their drone?
- to fly safely and follow this Code when they fly
- to follow the manufacturer's instructions for flying
- what you'll be responsible for, such as keeping any built-in software up to date
- what you expect them to do, especially to do with flying and maintaining your aircraft
How long does the operator ID last?
What exceptions are there when using follow me mode?
You do not have to keep your drone or model aircraft in direct sight when follow-me mode is active and set to follow within 50m of you. You must still follow all of the other points.
When are you allowed to fly higher than 120m?
If the person or organisation responsible for a very tall structure over 105m asks you to carry out a task related to their structure, you're allowed to fly higher than 120m (400ft). For example, if they ask you to take pictures for a survey.
You must never fly more than 15m above the structure.
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