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Napoleon's Financial and Economic Changes
Terms in this set (15)
A cadastre (land tax), to measure the value of the land and recalculate the land tax. However by 1815 only a fifth of the country had been assessed
What new tax did Napoleon begin to draw up in 1807?
Tax collectors and inspectors were appointed to each department and paid in proportion to the tax they collected
How was tax collection changed?
The Cour des Comptes in September 1807. It was a central bureau for handling and auditing the state's finances. It kept accounts of income and expenditure and certified authorisation was needed for the release of money
What new commission was established by the Constitution of Year VIII?
The cost of maintaining an army and Empire outweighed improvements to taxation
Why did the government continue to rely on indirect taxes?
Jan 1800. It provided credit for the government and entrepreneurs. It's main purpose was to produce and control a national currency of gold and silver coins. By controlling government bonds it ensured Napoleon could raise loans at a reasonable interest, by guaranteeing repayments
When was the Bank of France set up? What did it do?
When was metal coinage introduced to France?
Established Bureau of Statistics to gather data from departments on population and condition of agriculture, commerce and industry
Establishment of Councils of Agriculture, Arts and Commerce in all departments (1801)
What did Jean-Antoine Chaptal (Minister of the Interior) do to help stabilise the economy?
The wool industry increased yield by 400%
Between 1790 and 1812, exported silks rose from 26 million francs to 64 million in value
What do figured gathered by Montavilet (Minister of Interior 1811-1812) show about the french economy?
Mixed. Large landowners developed estates and agriculture associations shared ideas on new crops, animal breeding etc however peasant proprietors struggled to support themselves and dividing farms between sons under the Civil Code made it worse
How was France's agriculture under Napoleon?
The growth of replacement crops for things like cotton and tobacco. In 1813 the import of sugar cane was prohibited to stimulate growth of the home sugar-beet industry
What did the government encourage for agriculture while trade was disrupted by war?
Tightened taxation, conscripted soldiers at low wages, took out loans, sold lands like Louisiana (1803) and took from conquered territories
What things did Napoleon do in an effort to pay for the war?
1806-1807. It banned french trade with Britain and insisted France's allies and other neutral counties should follow suit or be treated as enemies
When was the continental system introduced? What did it do?
It's Atlantic trade
What trade had Britain's blockade stopped for France?
The french navy could not enforce it and even government officials were involved with smuggling. Trades such as sugar and coffee were hit too hardly and some had to be allowed. Furthermore Britain could still trade with the Americas so barely suffered
Why did the continental system fail?
Trade unions were banned and the living conditions within towns and cities were poor and there was no bourgeoisie class willing to invest in it
Why was industry still seen as unattractive by many French workers?
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