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Describe five social factors that affected the characteristics of Pre-industrial sport.
class- different classes (upper + lower) participated in different activities e.g. upper= fox hunting, lower= mob football.
gender- different activities e.g. men= violent sports, women= weaker sex, less violent sports.
Education- activities that involved more complex rules were played by the upper class
money- enabled the playing of activities because they could afford equipment
transport- enables people to travel to facilities or to play against others
Using examples, describe two ways in which social class influenced the characteristics of sports and pastimes in Pre-industrial Britain.
Different classes took part in different activities e.g. lower class play mob football, upper class play real tennis
Social class influenced access to sports and pastimes, due to money, free time etc. e.g. upper class had more time to participate in fox hunting which would have lasted a long time.
Using practical examples, explain how transport and education affected the opportunities to participate in sport in Pre-industrial Britain.
Lack of transport for the lower class meant they and limited opportunities whereas upper class did have transport and so were able to travel- more opportunities.
Lower class couldn't read the rules of real tennis therefore they could not play
Lower class couldn't travel far so games were local e.g. mob football one village vs another- only nearby teams
lack of education meant sport was often cruel/violent, so people didn't play, e.g. mob football only rule was no murder so injuries were common
Describe two ways in which levels of education and literacy affected participation in sport in Pre-industrial Britain.
Simple rules for lower classes/ peasants
more sophisticated/ advanced rules for upper class
Explain two ways that the availability of time affected participation in Pre-industrial sport
lower class had long working hours so had little free time to participate
upper class had extensive free time so they could participate in long lasting activities such as fox hunting
Upper class activities
real tennis, fox hunting
smock race, archery
Explain why they were seen as suitable activities for upper class and for female participants.
Upper class- they had complex rules and required time and money to particpate
women- because they were not rough/ violent and they were also not competitive- women were the weaker sex.
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