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Post 1850 Britain
Terms in this set (13)
Identify one way in which transport improved opportunities to participate in sport in post 1850 industrial Britain
People could travel to play other teams or other sports
Explain how the different working hours throughout the century's affected an individuals opportunity to participate in sport
1800s- very long hours so no free time to play, long hours= little energy
1900s- reduced length of working day so more time to participate, less work meant more energy to play
2000s- more leisure time to participate, less working hours means people have more energy to participate.
Describe how the industrial revolution affected working class participation in sport post 1850 Britain.
Urbanisation reduced space to play sport, 72 hour week left little time to participate.
Poor health and injury limited participation.
Income- low wages meant less disposable income for participation.
Factory owners set up teams to increase participation
Explain how the improvement of transport and the changes in law and order impacted on sport in post-1850 industrial Britain.
allowed national/ international competition
Increased participation as a availability of transport allowed more fixtures to take place
Increased spectatorship/ crowd
Law and order-
sport became less violent e.g. mob sports were outlawed due to the introduction of the police force.
Decline of baiting sports due to the RSPCA
more controlled gambling.
mob football declined as a pastime in post 1850 industrial Britain. Explain the social and cultural changes that caused this to happen.
Urbanisation- British society moved from rural to urban
Less space in towns and cities.
There was no time to play because of long days
No energy because of long working days
Law and order changed, violence was less tolerated
Explain how public schools influenced sport in post 1850 industrial Britain.
Schools promoted sports and games as being important.
Contributed to the development of competitions.
Contributed to the development of rules.
Contributed to the development of facilities
Promotion of ethics through sport
Cult of athleticism definition
An obsession with the combination of physical endeavour and moral integrity.
Describe three ways in which former public school boys exported and spread sports from the public schools at home and abroad.
The boys taking the games to university
some of the boys joined the army and took the games abroad
The boys set up clubs and leagues in their own towns
Explain how the cult of athleticism in the 19th century public schools impacted on the development of sport.
Athleticism encouraged physical endeavour
It helped to develop rules to develop moral integrity
Development of competition
helped developed fair play
large amounts of time devoted to team games
Identify two ways the 'old boys' (former pupils) helped spread sport around the world.
Old boys joined the army- abroad
Old boys became missionaries- joined the churches who spread sport.
Give two examples of how ex public school boys contributed to the development of sport after 1850
Spread sport as soldiers
Formed NGB's e.g. FA
Using examples from public school team sports, identify two other qualities and explain how team games developed these.
Leadership- being captain of a cricket team
Courage- To make a tackle against an older boy in rugby
Compare the characteristics of pre-industrial sports and pastimes with sport played in nineteenth century public schools.
Pre 19th century
Area: unlimited specific pitches
Rules: unwritten Codified rules
Clothing: everyday sport clothing
Transport: local travel to fixtures
Ethos: violent less violent
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