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Sport in the 21st century
Terms in this set (7)
Explain two ways in which freedom of movement for performers has influenced sport in the 21st century
Allows performers to cross continents in lots of different sports e.g. overseas footballers in UK teams
Evaluate the effect of media coverage on sport in the 21st century
media increases commercialism- more money is available top sport through he golden triangle.
Media increases participation
Professional sports players are able to earn higher salaries.
However, media demands control over games.
High stakes can cause deviant behaviour e.g. drug taking
Arm chair athletes- there are more people who spectate than participate.
Analyse how changes in transport have affected sport between the 20th century and today
Car journeys have increased and have become the most important method of transport.
Air travel is ten times more popular
Rail decline- rail travel was not very important in both the 20th and 21st century.
Increased participation due to increased private car ownership.
Increased spectator ship due to increased private car ownership.
Increased rail fares may limit participation
Describe how education affects participation in sport in the 21st century.
Compulsory PE as it is apart of the national curriculum.
Type of school- fee paying schools usually offer more opportunities
Negative experience can discourage participation.
Knowledge- education about health benefits increases participation
Explain what is meant by the terms 'amateur' and 'professional' in sport. How has the social class of amateur and professionals changed since pre-industrial times.
Amateur- a person who does not get paid to play- plays for the love of the game.
Professional- a person who is paid a salary for playing- playing is a job.
Pre-industrial- amateurs were upper class and professionals were lower class
21st century- amateurs and professionals can come from any social class.
Describe how law and order has shaped the characteristics of sport in the 21st century
Officials and coaches have a legal duty of care to keep player safe on the field of play e.g. rugby referees being sued for not maintaining safety in the scrum.
Sport is fairer- players are protected by legal contracts.
Sport is more equal- equality laws prevent discrimination in sport on basis of gender or race, golf clubs are no longer allowed to ban women.
Sport is less violent- violence on the filed is more likely to be dealt with by legal proceedings- assault e.g. Duncan Ferguson.
Describe the features of globalised sport and provide a sporting example for each feature.
Worldwide media coverage- extensive media coverage on multiple platforms- Paralympics, world cup
Movement- freedom of movement of players- Spanish footballers play in the English premier league.
Fixtures- international fixtures on regular basis- Europa league, Heineken cup
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